# Statistics

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**Statistics** is a mathematical science pertaining to the collection, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

## Quotes[edit]

**Essentially, all models are wrong, but some are useful.**- Attributed to statistician, George E. P. Box quoted in (1987).
*Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces*, p. 424,

- Attributed to statistician, George E. P. Box quoted in (1987).

**There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.**- Attributed to Benjamin Disraeli by Mark Twain in "Chapters from My Autobiography — XX",
*North American Review*No. DCXVIII (JULY 5, 1907) [1]. His attribution is unverified and the origin is uncertain: see Lies, damned lies, and statistics and Leonard H. Courtney. Other authors to whom the quote has been attributed, as reported in*Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations*(1989), include Henry Labouchère, Abram S. Hewitt, and Holloway H. Frost.

- Attributed to Benjamin Disraeli by Mark Twain in "Chapters from My Autobiography — XX",

**Statistics has been the most successful information science****Those who ignore Statistics are condemned to reinvent it.**- Attributed to Bradley Efron by Jerome H. Friedman (April 2001). "The Role of Statistics in the Data Revolution?".
*International Statistical Review***69**: 5-10.

- Attributed to Bradley Efron by Jerome H. Friedman (April 2001). "The Role of Statistics in the Data Revolution?".

- The rise of biometry in this 20th century, like that of geometry in the 3rd century before Christ, seems to mark out one of the great ages or critical periods in the advance of the human understanding.
- Sir R.A. Fisher (Sept 1948). "Biometry".
*Biometrics***4**: 217-219.

- Sir R.A. Fisher (Sept 1948). "Biometry".

- A well-wrapped statistic is better than Hitler's "big lie"; it misleads, yet it cannot be pinned on you.
- Darrell Huff,
*How to Lie with Statistics*(1954), introduction

- Darrell Huff,

**Politicians use statistics like drunkards use lampposts: not for illumination, but for support.**- Attributed to Hans Kuhn.
^{[citation needed]}

- Attributed to Hans Kuhn.

**While it is easy to lie with statistics, it is even easier to lie without them.**- Attributed to Frederick Mosteller in Murray, Charles (2005). "How to Accuse the Other Guy of Lying with Statistics".
*Statistical Science***20**(3): 239-241. ISSN 0883-4237. Retrieved on 2011-08-22.

- Attributed to Frederick Mosteller in Murray, Charles (2005). "How to Accuse the Other Guy of Lying with Statistics".

**91.7 percent of all statistics are made-up on the spot.**- Anonymous

- Average a left-hander with a right-hander and what do you get?
- Donald Norman,
*The Design of Everyday Things*(1988), Ch. 6, p. 162

- Donald Norman,

**To understand God's thoughts we must study statistics, for these are the measure of his purpose.**- Florence Nightingale, quoted in Karl Pearson,
*Life of Francis Galton*, vol.II, ch.xiii, sect.i

- Florence Nightingale, quoted in Karl Pearson,

- Without the aid of statistics nothing like real medicine is possible.
- Pierre Charles Alexandre Louis
- Quoted in
*Evidence-based medicine: old French wine with a new Canadian label?*, P K Rangachari, J R Soc Med. 1997 May; 90(5): 280–284.

**The true foundation of theology is to ascertain the character of God.**It is by the art of statistics that law in the social sphere can be ascertained and codified, and certain aspects of the character of God thereby revealed.**The study of statistics is thus a religious service.**- Attributed to Florence Nightingale by F.N. David in
*Games, Gods, and Gambling: A History of Probability and Statistical Ideas*, 1962, page 103.

- Attributed to Florence Nightingale by F.N. David in

- Numbers and stats bob in a sentimental slop, a swampy slurry of bits of hard data and buckets of mushy manipulation.
- Laura Penny, More Money Than Brains, p. 28

- The individual source of the statistics may easily be the weakest link. Harold Cox tells a story of his life as a young man in India. He quoted some statistics to a Judge, an Englishman, and a very good fellow. His friend said, Cox, when you are a bit older, you will not quote Indian statistics with that assurance. The Government are very keen on amassing statistics—they collect them, add them, raise them to the nth power, take the cube root and prepare wonderful diagrams. But what you must never forget is that every one of those figures comes in the first instance from the
*chowty dar*[chowkidar] (village watchman), who just puts down what he damn pleases.- Josiah Stamp, recounting a story from Harold Cox,
*Some Economic Factors in Modern Life*(1929), p. 258.

- Josiah Stamp, recounting a story from Harold Cox,

**Thomasina**: If there is an equation for a curve like a bell, there must be an equation for one like a bluebell, and if a bluebell, why not a rose? Do we believe nature is written in numbers?

**Septimus**: We do.

**Thomasina**: Then why do your shapes describe only the shapes of manufacture?

**Septimus**: I do not know.

**Thomasina**: Armed thus, God could only make a cabinet.- Tom Stoppard,
*Arcadia*(1993)

- Tom Stoppard,

**There are two kinds of statistics, the kind you look up and the kind you make up.**- Archie Goodwin, in Rex Stout's Nero Wolfe novel
*Death of a Doxy*(1966)

- Archie Goodwin, in Rex Stout's Nero Wolfe novel

**Statistical thinking will one day be as necessary for efficient citizenship as the ability to read or write.**- Attributed to H. G. Wells by Darrell Huff in
*How to Lie with Statistics*(1954), epigraph - The actual quote referenced mathematics in general rather than statistics:
**The great body of physical science, a great deal of the essential fact of financial science, and endless social and political problems are only accessible and only thinkable to those who have had a sound training in mathematical analysis, and the time may not be very remote when it will be understood that for complete initiation as an efficient citizen of one of the new great complex world-wide States that are now developing, it is as necessary to be able to compute, to think in averages and maxima and minima, as it is now to be able to read and write.**[HG Wells 1911, Mankind in the Making 2041]- Tankard, James W Jr. (February 1979). "The H.G. Wells quote on statistics: A question of accuracy".
*Historia Mathematica***6**(1): 30-33. DOI:10.1016/0315-0860(79)90101-0. - According to Tankard: It might be argued that statistics and mathematics were closely related in Wells' mind, and that when he wrote this passage he was to some extent thinking of procedures we would now regard as statistics. That is conjecture, however. Earlier sections of the paragraph deal with arithmetic and geometry, and its literal topic is mathematics. It doesn't contain the word "statistics " even though the term was clearly in use at the time of Well:' writing [Yule 19051].

- Attributed to H. G. Wells by Darrell Huff in

- The death of one man is a tragedy, the death of millions is a statistic.
*Variants*: One death is a tragedy. A million deaths is just a statistic.

A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic.

When one dies, it is a tragedy. When a million die, it is a statistic.- This quotation may originate from "Französischer Witz" (1925) by Kurt Tucholsky: "Darauf sagt ein Diplomat vom Quai d'Orsay: «Der Krieg? Ich kann das nicht so schrecklich finden! Der Tod eines Menschen: das ist eine Katastrophe. Hunderttausend Tote: das ist eine Statistik!»" ("To which a Quai d'Orsay diplomat replies: «The war? I can't find it so terrible! The death of one man: that is a catastrophe. One hundred thousand deaths: that is a statistic!»")