Mao Zedong (or Mao Tse-tung in Wade-Giles; Simplified Chinese: 毛泽东; Traditional Chinese: 毛澤東; December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1943 until his death. He was also a founder of the People's Republic of China.
- Who are our enemies? Who are our friends? This is a question of the first importance for the revolution.
- Analysis of the Classes in Chinese Society (March 1926), Selected Works, Vol. I, p. 1.
- A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery. It cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another.
- The country is so beautiful, where so many heroes had devoted their lives into it. Sorry that the Qin Emperor or the Han Wu Emperor lacks a sense for literacy; while the founders of the Tang and Song dynasties came short in style. The great man, Genghis Khan, only knew how to shoot eagles with an arrow. The past is past. To see real heroes, look around you.
- Qinyuanchun - Snow(沁园春•雪) (1936)
- Many people think it impossible for guerrillas to exist for long in the enemy's rear. Such a belief reveals lack of comprehension of the relationship that should exist between the people and the troops. The former may be likened to water the latter to the fish who inhabit it. How may it be said that these two cannot exist together?
- On Guerilla Warfare (1937), Chapter 6 - "The Political Problems of Guerilla Warfare"
- This is usually aphorized as "The people are the sea that the revolutionary swims in," or an equivalent.
- Liberalism is extremely harmful in a revolutionary collective. It is a corrosive which eats away unity, undermines cohesion, causes apathy and creates dissension. It robs the revolutionary ranks of compact organization and strict discipline, prevents policies from being carried through and alienates the Party organizations from the masses which the Party leads. It is an extremely bad tendency.
- "Combat Liberalism" (7 September 1937), later quoted in Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong (The Little Red Book) (1964), Ch. 24.
- Marxism comprises many principles, but in the final analysis they can all be brought back to a single sentence: it is right to rebel.
- Speech marking the 60th birthday of Stalin (20 December 1939), later revised as "It is right to rebel against reactionaries."
- All reactionaries are paper tigers. In appearance, the reactionaries are terrifying, but in reality they are not so powerful. From a long-term point of view, it is not the reactionaries but the people who are really powerful.
- Talk with the American Correspondent Anna Louise Strong (August 1946), Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 100.
- "You are dictatorial." My dear sirs, you are right, that is just what we are. All the experience the Chinese people have accumulated through several decades teaches us to enforce the people's democratic dictatorship, that is, to deprive the reactionaries of the right to speak and let the people alone have that right.
- The People's Democratic Dictatorship, speech (30 June 1949) commemorating the 28th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party
- Stalin is our greatest father and teacher. In the name of Chinese people and Chinese Communist Party, we celebrate comrade Stalin's seventy birthday. May he be in the best health and live a long life! Leader of both the world's working class and Communist Internationale — Ten thousand years of life to Stalin!
- Speech on the seventieth birthday of Stalin (21 December 1949)
- Stalin made mistakes. He made mistakes towards us, for example, in 1927. He made mistakes towards the Yugoslavs too. One cannot advance without mistakes... It is necessary to make mistakes. The party cannot be educated without learning from mistakes. This has great significance.
- Ours is a people's democratic dictatorship, led by the working class and based on the worker-peasant alliance.
- On the Correct Handling of Contradiction (1957)
- 百花齐放，百家争鸣 (Simplified Chinese), 百花齊放，百家爭鳴 (Traditional Chinese), bǎihuāqífàng, bǎijiāzhēngmíng (Pinyin)
- "Let a hundred flowers bloom; let a hundred schools of thought contend" is the policy for promoting progress in the arts and the sciences and a flourishing socialist culture in our land.
- Slogan used at the start of the Hundred Flowers Campaign of open criticism of the communist government that began in late 1956 and ended in July 1957.
- If we did ten things, nine were bad and got disclosed by the newspapers, we will be over. Then I will go, to the countryside, lead the peasant and revolt. If the Liberation Army do not follow me, I will get the Red Army. (July 23, 1959)
- Speech at the Lushan Conference (23 July 1959)
- Maybe you're afraid of sinking. Don't think about it. If you don't think about it, you won't sink. If you do, you will.
- Swimming advice to physician Zhisui Li (1966), quoted in The TIME 100 (13 April 1998)
- All the rest of the world uses the word "electricity." They've borrowed the word from English. But we Chinese have our own word for it!
- Quoted in Khrushchev Remembers (1970), p. 474
- Politics is war without bloodshed, while war is politics with bloodshed.
- On Protracted War, May 1938, from 'Mao's Selected Works, Vol. II', Section 64 pg. 153
- People who try to commit suicide — don't attempt to save them! . . . China is such a populous nation, it is not as if we cannot do without a few people.
- As quoted in Mao's Last Revolution (2006) by Roderick MacFarquhar and Michael Schoenhals, ISBN 0674023323
Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong (The Little Red Book)(1964)
- Translation: On Cultural Revolution Red Guards fighting among themselves: Not afraid of war, I am always happy upon knowing that there are people fighting among themselves. What happened at Beijing was nothing! Using some swords or spears, maybe firing a few shots. Sichuan was something: tens of thousands people were involved with guns and canons, even wireless.
- We shall support whatever our enemies oppose and oppose whatever our enemies support.
- Chapter 2
- Every Communist must grasp the truth: Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.
- Chapter 5
- If the U.S. monopoly capitalist groups persist in pushing their policies of aggression and war, the day is bound to come when they will be hanged by the people of the whole world. The same fate awaits the accomplices of the United States.
- Chapter 6
- The revolutionary war is a war of the masses; it can be waged only by mobilizing the masses and relying on them.
- Chapter 8
- Without an army for the people, there is nothing for the people.
- Chapter 9
- Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party.
- Chapter 9
- Not to have a correct political point of view is like having no soul…
- Chapter 12
- Be resolute, fear no sacrifice and surmount every difficulty to win victory.
- Chapter 19
- [Our purpose is] to ensure that literature and art fit well into the whole revolutionary machine as a component part, that they operate as powerful weapons for uniting and educating the people and for attacking and destroying the enemy, and that they help the people fight the enemy with one heart and one mind.
- Chapter 32
- (論國民黨) 有很多的頑固分子，他們是頑固專門學校畢業的。他們今天頑固，明天頑固，後天還是頑固。什麼叫頑固？固者硬也，頑者，今天、明天、後天都不進步之謂也。這樣的人，就叫做頑固分子。要使這樣的頑固分子聽我們的話，不是一件容易的事情。
- (Referring to the Kuomintang) There are many stubborn element, graduates in the specialty schools of stubbornness. They are stubborn today, they will be stubborn tomorrow, and they will be stubborn the day after tomorrow. What is stubbornness (huan'gu)? Gu is to be stiff. Huan is to not progress: not today, nor tomorrow, nor they day after tomorrow. People like that are called the stubborn elements. It is not an easy thing to make the stubborn elements listen to our words.
- 《新民主主义的宪政》《毛泽东选集》第二卷 Selected Works of Mao Zedong [specific citation needed]
- I am hated by many, especially comrade Pang Dehuai, his hatred is so intense that he wished me dead. My policy with Pang Dehuai is such: You don't touch me, I don't touch you; You touch me, I touch you. Even though we were once like brothers, it doesn't change a thing.
Quotes about Mao Zedong
- [Mao] has played politics with Asian cunning. ... [and] has always been a master at concealing his true intention. ... I was always on my guard with him.
- Nikita Khrushchev, as quoted in A. Doak Barnett (1977) China and the major powers in East Asia, page 352
- We spoke at length and We really liked Mao Zedong. A lot. He gave Us a very good impression, as Paul VI did. He is a good and very serious leader, and his people have done well to embrace him.
- Mao was like a father to me.
- Mao Zedong! Amazing man! Imagine him and his followers wandering through China day and night, fighting for their goal. What an effort. He has also written beautiful prose and excellent poems.
- Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden in Damernas Värld 34/1972 answering the question "which man has made the most influence on you?" Translated from Swedish.
- Mao Zedong Biography From Spartacus Educational
- WikiMaoist A Mao Zedong Wiki
- CNN profile
- The Mao Zedong Reference Archive at marxists.org
- The Mao Zedong Reference Archive at marx2mao.org
- Collected Works of Mao Zedong at the Maoist Internationalist Movement (MIM) a sect of Maoism
- Mao Zedong portal from the PLA Daily; includes some photos and poetry
- Mao Zedong on propaganda posters Set of propaganda paintings showing Mao Zedong as the great leader of China.