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Pokémon may refer to:
- Pokémon/Season 1
- Pokémon/Season 2
- Pokémon/Season 3
- Pokémon/Season 4
- Pokémon/Season 5
- Pokémon/Season 6
- Pokémon/Season 7
- Pokémon/Season 8
- Pokémon/Season 9
- Pokémon/Season 10
- Pokémon/Season 11
- Pokémon/Season 12
- Pokémon/Season 13
- Pokémon/Season 14
- Pokémon/Season 15
- Pokémon/Season 16
- Pokémon/Season 17
- Pokemon/Season 18
- Pokémon/Season 19
- Pokémon/Season 20
- Pokémon/Season 21
- Pokémon/Season 22
- Pokémon/Season 23
- Pokémon/Season 24
- Pokémon/Season 25
- Pokémon Chronicles
- Pokémon Horizons: The Series
- Pokémon: The First Movie - Mewtwo Strikes Back - 1998 Film
- Pokémon the Movie 2000: The Power of One - 1999 Film
- Pokémon 3: The Movie - Spell of the Unown: Entei - 2000 Film
- Pokémon 4Ever - Celebi: The Voice of the Forest - 2001 Film
- Pokémon Heroes: Latios & Latias - 2002 Film
- Pokémon: Jirachi: Wish Maker - 2003 Film
- Pokémon: Destiny Deoxys - 2004 Film
- Pokémon: Lucario and the Mystery of Mew - 2005 Film
- Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea - 2006 Film
- Pokémon: The Rise of Darkrai - 2007 Film
- Pokémon: Giratina and the Sky Warrior - 2008 Film
- Pokémon: Arceus and the Jewel of Life - 2009 Film
- Pokémon—Zoroark: Master of Illusions - 2010 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: White—Victini and Zekrom/Black—Victini and Reshiram - 2011 Films
- Pokémon the Movie: Kyurem VS. The Sword of Justice - 2012 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: Genesect and the Legend Awakened - 2013 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: Diancie and the Cocoon of Destruction - 2014 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: Hoopa and the Clash of Ages - 2015 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: Volcanion and the Mechanical Marvel - 2016 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: I Choose You! - 2017 Film
- Pokémon the Movie: The Power of Us - 2018 Film
- Pokémon: Mewtwo Strikes Back—Evolution - 2019 Film (CGI remake of the first film)
- Pokémon the Movie: Secrets of the Jungle - 2020 Film
- Pokémon Red and Blue - 1996 Video games
- Pokémon Gold and Silver - 1999 Video games
- Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire - 2002 Video games
- Pokémon Diamond and Pearl - 2006 Video games
- Pokémon Black and White - 2010 Video games
- Pokémon X and Y - 2013 Video games
- Pokémon Sun and Moon - 2016 Video games
- Pokémon Sword and Shield - 2019 Video games
- Pokémon Scarlet and Violet - 2022 Video games
- Last words in Pokémon
- Pokémon: Mewtwo Returns - 2000 Television special
- Pokémon: The Mastermind of Mirage Pokémon - 2006 Television special
- Detective Pikachu - 2019 Film
- Pokémon: The Arceus Chronicles - 2022 Television special
- Tajiri: No, but sometimes they would eat each other.
- TIME: Did you get the idea for Pokémon from these insects?
- Tajiri: Yes. Places to catch insects are rare because of urbanization. Kids play inside their homes now, and a lot had forgotten about catching insects. So had I. When I was making games, something clicked and I decided to make a game with that concept. Everything I did as a kid is kind of rolled into one--that's what Pokémon is. Playing video games, watching TV, Ultraman with his capsule monsters--they all became ingredients for the game.
- Kamo Yoshinori (2000), a U.S.-based sociologist, observes that American children who love Pokémon believe that Japan is a very cool nation that produces wonderful characters, imaginary worlds, and commodities. He sees in Pokémon's success a very hopeful sign that American audiences are becoming more open to Japanese cultural values and that they are changing their image of Japan from a land that is strange and workaholic to someplace that is humane and cool. Sakurai Tetsuo (2001) also reads the success of Pokémon as a sign of hopefulness in what was otherwise a decade in Japan dominated by negative occurrences. According to Sakurai, in just a couple of years Pokémon has done more for Japan's image than was accomplished up till now by Japanese literature and films or by the Japanese government's public relations initiatives abroad. Sakurai, too, describes Pokémon's global appeal in terms of it being "cool."
- Joseph Tobin, "Pikachu's Global Adventure: The Rise and Fall of Pokémon". Duke University Press, (2004).
- …some critics argue that Pokémon's influence on the global cultural scene is in fact quite trivial when compared to such Western popular cultural products as the Beatles or rap music. These critics find Pokémon's message too superficial to count as a meaningful cultural export (e.g., Newsweek Japan, 8 December 1999:50-51). However, this kind of comparison is also fruitless and even fallacious as it implies that American/Western popular culture continues to present the rest of the world with influential messages, ideas, and lifestyles that have the power to impact world politics and to launch social movements, just as it used to do. A more productive way of making sense of the symbolic power of Japanese animation and computer games is to look at the issue of transnational cultural hegemony and power in a different light, rather than from a conventional Americanization perspective. The age of Americanization, in which crosscultural consumption was predominantly discussed in terms of the influence of a single dominant country, is, if not over, at least coming to an end (cf. Tomlinson 1991). I would suggest that we use the rise of Japanese cultural exports as an opportunity to reconsider the meaning of transnational cultural power. The international popularity of Japanese anime and computer games as exemplified in the Pokémon craze provides us with some clues we can use to discern emerging trends in the global circulation of characters, culture, and products.
Pokémon's global success is indeed unprecedented. However, it would be misleading to think that the factors that contributed to this success are unique to Pokémon. I would suggest instead that Pokémon is the product that to date has most efficiently capitalized on emerging marketing trends. Animation and computer game characters are playing an increasingly significant role in the multimedia business. Computer game characters are intertextual, and can be used in a variety of media such as movies, TV series, comics, toys and associated merchandise. Marsha Kinder (1991) describes the multiple possibilities of transmedia intertextuality as representing a "supersystem of entertainment" that has come to be a dominant force in the global entertainment business. In Japan, media industry leaders decided that computer games and animation would be the main features of such a supersystem. Together with the global success of Japanese computer game software such as Super Mario Brothers, the realization, since the recent recession, of declining strength in the Japanese manufacturing-oriented economy has convinced many Japanese companies to invest in the development of animated and digitalized multimedia products.
- ibid, pp. 62-63.
- Pokémon exemplifies how the supersystem works. Pokémon was first created as Game Boy software. It then almost simultaneously appeared as a serial comic in Koro Koro, a monthly comic magazine targeted to boys, as a part of an overall marketing strategy. The positive reception of the computer game and the comics led to the creation of and further interlinking with trading cards, a TV series, films, and, eventually, various merchandise featuring popular Pokémon characters. Within this multiple product, multimedia business, Pokémon constantly reinvented itself. For example, for the creation of the comics and the TV cartoon, Pippii and Pikachi were chosen as the main Pokémon characters, respectively. Neither Pippi nor Pikachu was a main character in the original Game Boy software. (Pippi (in English, Clefairy) was selected as the main Pokémon character to make the comic book series more "engaging." However, in order to attract younger and female viewers as well as their mothers, Pikachu replaced Pippi as the central character when the Pokémon TV series was introduced in 1997. the pink Pippi was replaced by the yellow cuddlier Pikachu, whom the producers believed would seem like a more familiar and intimate pet to child viewers. There were other reasons as well for the producers' choice of yellow. Because yellow is one of the three basic colors, it is easy for children to recognize Pikachu even from a distance. Furthermore, the only competing yellow character is Winnie the Pooh (Kubo 2000a; 2000b).
As we can see in the case of the emergence of Pikachu as the key character, the development of the Pokémon supersystem was achieved through trial and error in the Japanese market. But once the components of the supersystem were put together in Japan, they could be used systematically to introduce Pokémon in global markets. The overseas promotion of Pokémon was forged from the outset by a subtly packaged amalgamation of cartoons, comics, trading cards, feature films, character merchandise, and Game Boy games.
- ibid, pp.63-64
- Although the Pokémon animation series and its Game Boy game were not created primarily for the global market, their domestic success quickly convinced producers of Pokémon's potential to succeed overseas. Kubo Masakazu explains that he and the other producers of the television series believed that Pokémon would be relatively easy to localize for a global market because "the setting of the adventure explored by Satoshi and Pikachu looks mukokuseki and religion-free. It appeared easy to produce international versions by erasing Japanese language signs as much as possible" (2000b:345).
- Ibid, p.68