- 1 Born in BCE
- 2 Born in the 1600s
- 3 Born in the 1700s
- 3.1 Benjamin Franklin
- 3.2 Thomas Paine
- 3.3 Thomas Jefferson
- 3.4 William Blake
- 3.4.1 The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790–1793)
- 184.108.40.206 The Argument. (Plates 2–3)
- 220.127.116.11 The voice of the Devil (Plates 4–6)
- 18.104.22.168 A Memorable Fancy. (Plates 6–11)
- 22.214.171.124 A Memorable Fancy. (Plates 12–14)
- 126.96.36.199 A Memorable Fancy (Plates 15–17)
- 188.8.131.52 A Memorable Fancy (Plates 17–22)
- 184.108.40.206 A Memorable Fancy (Plates 22–24)
- 220.127.116.11 A Song of Liberty (Plates 25–27)
- 3.4.1 The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790–1793)
- 3.5 Robert Burns
- 4 Born in the 1800s
- 4.1 Lysander Spooner
- 4.2 Alphonse Karr
- 4.3 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
- 4.4 Abraham Lincoln
- 4.5 Henry David Thoreau
- 4.6 Robert G. Ingersoll
- 4.7 Earnest V. Starr
- 4.8 Albert Jay Nock
- 4.9 Albert Einstein
- 4.10 Ludwig von Mises
- 4.11 Isabel Paterson
- 4.12 Jorge Luis Borges
- 5 Born in the 1900s
- 5.1 Ayn Rand
- 5.2 Robert LeFevre
- 5.3 Rosa Parks
- 5.4 Murray Rothbard
- 5.5 Martin Luther King, Jr.
- 5.6 Hilly Kristal
- 5.7 Harry Browne
- 5.8 Carl Sagan
- 5.9 Wendy McElroy
- 5.10 Alex Grey
- 5.11 Michael Badnarik
- 5.12 Roderick Long
- 5.13 Krist Novoselic
- 5.14 Kurt Cobain
- 5.15 Fiona Apple
- 5.16 Tank Man
- 5.17 Alexander S. Peak
- 5.18 Caitlin Upton
- 6 Fictional
- 6.1 Charlie Anderson
- 6.2 Harrison Bergeron
- 6.3 Ichabod Crane
- 6.4 Shelley Darlington
- 6.5 Death
- 6.6 Tyler Durden
- 6.7 Estragon
- 6.8 Del Griffith
- 6.9 Dante Hicks
- 6.10 The Joker
- 6.11 John Locke
- 6.12 Patches O'Houlihan
- 6.13 Nada
- 6.14 Britta Perry
- 6.15 Pozzo
- 6.16 Splinter
- 6.17 Vladimir
- 7 Bands and Musicians
- 7.1 Alice in Chains
- 7.2 Big Star
- 7.3 Bloodhound Gang
- 7.4 Death Cab for Cutie
- 7.5 Depeche Mode
- 7.6 Foo Fighters
- 7.7 fun.
- 7.8 Garbage
- 7.8.1 Garbage (1995)
- 7.8.2 William Shakespeare's Romeo + Juliet: Music from the Motion Picture (1996)
- 7.8.3 Version 2.0 (1998)
- 7.8.4 beautifulgarbage (2001)
- 7.8.5 Special Collection (2002)
- 7.8.6 Bleed Like Me (2005)
- 7.8.7 Not Your Kind of People (2012)
- 7.9 Harvey Danger
- 7.10 Katy Perry
- 7.11 Kings of Leon
- 7.12 Meat Puppets
- 7.13 Nirvana
- 7.13.1 "Bleach" (1989)
- 7.13.2 Nevermind (1991)
- 7.13.3 Puss/Oh, the Guilt (1993 split single)
- 7.13.4 Heart-Shaped Box (1993 single)
- 7.13.5 In Utero (1993)
- 7.13.6 The Beavis and Butt-head Experience (1993)
- 7.14 The Offspring
- 7.15 Paul Revere & the Raiders
- 7.16 Pixies
- 7.17 Pussy Riot
- 7.18 Ramones
- 7.19 Sex Pistols
- 7.20 Steve Miller Band
- 7.21 The Offspring
- 7.22 The Temptations
- 7.23 Tool
- 7.24 Violent Femmes
- 8 Other
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Born in BCE
老子 Lǎozǐ (c. 6th-5th century BCE) was a Chinese monist philosopher; also called Lao Zi, Lao Tzu, Lao Tse, or Lao Tze. The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: Dào Dé Jīng, or Dao De Jing) represents the sole document generally attributed to Laozi.Socratic problem).Quintus Horatius Flaccus (8 December 65 BC – 27 November 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin.
- The words of Socrates, as quoted or portrayed in Plato's works, which are the most extensive source available for our present knowledge about his ideas.
- Wonder is the feeling of a philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder.
- Theaetetus, 150c
- ἐγὼ δὲ οὐδὲν ἐπίσταμαι πλέον πλὴν βραχέος, ὅσον λόγον παρ᾽ ἑτέρου σοφοῦ λαβεῖν καὶ ἀποδέξασθαι μετρίως.
- I myself know nothing, except just a little, enough to extract an argument from another man who is wise and to receive it fairly.
- Theaetetus, 161b
- μοι νυνὶ γέγονεν ἐκ τοῦ διαλόγου μηδὲν εἰδέναι· ὁπότε γὰρ τὸ δίκαιον μὴ οἶδα ὅ ἐστιν, σχολῇ εἴσομαι εἴτε ἀρετή τις οὖσα τυγχάνει εἴτε καὶ οὔ, καὶ πότερον ὁ ἔχων αὐτὸ οὐκ εὐδαίμων ἐστὶν ἢ εὐδαίμων.
- As for me, all I know is that I know nothing, for when I don't know what justice is, I'll hardly know whether it is a kind of virtue or not, or whether a person who has it is happy or unhappy.
- Republic, 354b-c (conclusion of book I)
- Confer Apology 21d (see below), Theaetetus 161b (see above) and Meno 80d1-3: "So now I do not know what virtue is; perhaps you knew before you contacted me, but now you are certainly like one who does not know."
- Confer Cicero, Academica, Book I, section 1: "ipse se nihil scire id unum sciat ("He himself thinks he knows one thing, that he knows nothing"). Often quoted as "scio me nihil scire" or "scio me nescire." A variant is found in von Kues, De visione Dei, XIII, 146 (Werke, Walter de Gruyter, 1967, p. 312): "...et hoc scio solum, quia scio me nescire... [I know alone, that (or because) I know, that I do not know]." In the modern era, the Latin quote was back-translated to Greek as "ἓν οἶδα ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα", hèn oîda hóti oudèn oîda). (See also "I know that I know nothing.")
- Plato's account of the trial of Socrates.
- πρὸς ἐμαυτὸν δ᾽ οὖν ἀπιὼν ἐλογιζόμην ὅτι τούτου μὲν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐγὼ σοφώτερός εἰμι· κινδυνεύει μὲν γὰρ ἡμῶν οὐδέτερος οὐδὲν καλὸν κἀγαθὸν εἰδέναι, ἀλλ᾽ οὗτος μὲν οἴεταί τι εἰδέναι οὐκ εἰδώς, ἐγὼ δέ, ὥσπερ οὖν οὐκ οἶδα, οὐδὲ οἴομαι· ἔοικα γοῦν τούτου γε σμικρῷ τινι αὐτῷ τούτῳ σοφώτερος εἶναι, ὅτι ἃ μὴ οἶδα οὐδὲ οἴομαι εἰδέναι.
- When I left him, I reasoned thus with myself: I am wiser than this man, for neither of us appears to know anything great and good; but he fancies he knows something, although he knows nothing; whereas I, as I do not know anything, so I do not fancy I do. In this trifling particular, then, I appear to be wiser than he, because I do not fancy I know what I do not know.
- For if you kill me, you will not easily find another such person at all, even if to say in a ludicrous way, attached on the city by the god, like on a large and well-bred horse, by its size and laziness both needing arousing by some gadfly; in this way the god seems to have fastened me on the city, some such one who arousing and persuading and reproaching each one of you I do not stop the whole day settling down all over. Thus such another will not easily come to you, men, but if you believe me, you will spare me; but perhaps you might possibly be offended, like the sleeping who are awakened, striking me, believing Anytus, you might easily kill, then the rest of your lives you might continue sleeping, unless the god caring for you should send you another.
- If I had engaged in politics, I should have perished long ago and done no good to either you or to myself. ...for the truth is that no man who goes to war with you or any other multitude, honestly struggling against the commission of unrighteouosness and wrong in the State, will save his life; he who will really fight for right, if he would live even for a little while, must have a private station and not a public one.
- I have had no regular disciples: but if anyone likes to come and hear me while I am pursuing my mission, whether he be young or old, he may freely come. …whether he turns out to be a bad man or a good one, that cannot be justly laid to my charge, as I never taught him anything.
- Someone will say: Yes, Socrates, but cannot you hold your tongue, and then you may go into a foreign city, and no one will interfere with you? Now I have great difficulty in making you understand my answer to this. For if I tell you that this would be a disobedience to a divine command, and therefore that I cannot hold my tongue, you will not believe that I am serious; and if I say that the greatest good of a man is daily to converse about virtue, and all that concerning which you hear me examining myself and others, and that the life which is unexamined is not worth living—that you are still less likely to believe.
- ὁ δὲ ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ (ho de anexetastos bios ou biôtos anthrôpôi)
- The unexamined life is not worth living for a human being.
- Variant translations:
(More closely) The unexamining life is not worth living for a human being
The life which is unexamined is not worth living
An unexamined life is not worth living
The unexamined life is not the life for man
Life without enquiry is not worth living for a man
- I would rather die having spoken in my manner, than speak in your manner and live. … The difficulty, my friends, is not in avoiding death, but in avoiding unrighteousness; for that runs deeper than death.
- For if you think that by killing men you can avoid the accuser censoring your lives, you are mistaken; that is not a way of escape which is either possible or honorable; the easiest and the noblest way is not to be crushing others, but to be improving yourselves.
- The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our ways — I to die and you to live. Which is the better, only God knows.
- Plato's account of Socrates' death.
Note: Generally, the early works of Plato are considered to be close to the spirit of Socrates, whereas the later works, including Phaedo, may possibly be products of Plato's elaborations.
- In the course of my life I have often had intimations in dreams "that I should make music." The same dream came to me sometimes in one form, and sometimes in another, but always saying the same or nearly the same words: Make and cultivate music, said the dream. And hitherto I imagined that this was only intended to exhort and encourage me in the study of philosophy, which has always been the pursuit of my life, and is the noblest and best of music.
- And now that the hour of departure is appointed to me, this is the hope with which I depart, and not I only, but every man that believes that he has his mind purified.
- Compare this to George Orwell’s 1984.
- In the book, O’Brien says of Jones, Aaronson, and Rutherford, “By the time we had finished with them they were only the shells of men. There was nothing left in them except sorrow for what they had done, and love of Big Brother. It was touching to see how they loved him. They begged to be shot quickly, so that they could die while their minds were still clean.”
- In the 1984 film Nineteen Eighty-Four based on Orwell’s 1984, Winston Smith is seen at the end of the film by the citizens of Oceania confessing, saying, “I’m glad I was caught. I was mentally deranged. Now I am cured. I ask only for you to accept my love of our leader. I ask only to be shot while my mind is still clean.”
- …as there are misanthropists, or haters of men, there are also misologists or haters of ideas, and both spring from the same cause, which is ignorance of the world. Misanthropy arises from too great confidence of inexperience; you trust a man and think him altogether true and good and faithful, and then in a little while he turns out to be false and knavish; and then another and another, and when this has happened several times to a man, especially within the circle of his most trusted friends, as he deems them, and he has often quarreled with them, he at last hates all men, and believes that no one has any good in him at all. …The reason is that a man, having to deal with other men, has no knowledge of them; for if he had knowledge he would have known the true state of the case, that few are the good and few the evil, and that the great majority are in the interval between them.
- …nothing is more uncommon than a very large or a very small man; and this applies generally to all extremes, whether of great and small, or swift and slow, or fair and foul, or black and white; and whether the instances you select be man or dogs or anything else, few are the extremes, but many are in the mean between them.
- Let us…be careful of admitting into our souls the notion that there is no truth or health or soundness in any arguments at all; but let us rather say that there is as yet no health in us, and that we must quit ourselves like men and do our best to gain health…
- * It may be said, indeed, that without bones and muscles and the other parts of the body I cannot execute my purposes. But to say that I do as I do because of them, and that this is the way in which the mind acts, and not from the choice of the best, is a very careless and idle mode of speaking. I wonder that they cannot distinguish the cause from the condition, which the many, feeling about in the dark, are always mistaking and misnaming.
- Ὦ Κρίτων […] τῷ Ἀσκληπιῷ ὀφείλομεν ἀλεκτρυόνα. ἀλλὰ ἀπόδοτε καὶ μὴ ἀμελήσητε.
- Crito, Crito, we owe a cock to Aesculapius. Pay it and do not neglect it.
- Phaedo 118a
- Socrates as quoted by Plutarch
- I am not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world.
- Note: Compare doctrine of fidelity to Athenian law in Plato's Crito.
As quoted by Diogenes Laertius
- Socrates as quoted in Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers
- I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
- Socrates having heard Plato read the Lysis, said, "O Hercules! what a number of lies the young man has told about me." For he had set down a great many things as sayings of Socrates which he never said.
Quotes about Socrates
- Alphabetized by author
- It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, are of a different opinion, it is because they only know their own side of the question. The other party to the comparison knows both sides.
- John Stuart Mill, in Utilitarianism, Ch. 2
- Political leaders are never leaders. For leaders we have to look to the Awakeners! Lao Tse, Buddha, Socrates, Jesus, Milarepa, Gurdjiev, Krishnamurti.
- Henry Miller, in My Bike & Other Friends (1977), p. 12
- …as a philosopher he needs a long residence in a scientific purgatory.
- It's important to remember that Thomas Huxley recognized Socrates as the first agnostic. Socrates very much believed in a God, although his deity was somewhat vague and outside of his people's polytheistic religion. Philosophically Socrates was the very essence of agnosticism.
- James Kirk Wall, in Agnosticism : The Battle Against Shameless Ignorance (2011), p. 10
- Dum loquimur, fugerit invida
Aetas: carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero.
- As we speak cruel time is fleeing. Seize the day, believing as little as possible in the morrow.
- Book I, ode xi, line 7
- Cf. John Conington's translation:
In the moment of our talking, envious time has ebbed away,
Seize the present, trust tomorrow e'en as little as you may.
- Aequam memento rebus in arduis
- In adversity, remember to keep an even mind.
- Book II, ode iii, line 1
Born in the 1600s
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an influential English philosopher and social contract theorist. He developed an alternative to the Hobbesian state of nature and asserted a government could be good only if it received the consent of the governed and protected the natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. If such a consent was not achieved, Locke argued in favour of a right of rebellion.François-Marie Arouet (November 21, 1694 – May 30, 1778), famous using his pen name Voltaire, was a French writer, deist and philosopher.
- L'homme est libre au moment qu'il veut l'être.
- Man is free at the instant he wants to be.
- Source Brutus, act II, scene I (1730).
- Il vaut mieux hasarder de sauver un coupable que de condamner un innocent.
- It is better to risk sparing a guilty person than to condemn an innocent one.
- Zadig (1747).
- C'est une des superstitions de l'esprit humain d'avoir imaginé que la virginité pouvait être une vertu.
- It is one of the superstitions of the human mind to have imagined that virginity could be a virtue.
- Notebooks (c.1735-c.1750)
- Note: This quotation is from the so-called Leningrad Notebook, also known as Le Sottisier; it is one of several posthumously published notebooks of Voltaire.
- Il est dangereux d’avoir raison dans des choses où des hommes accrédités ont tort.
- It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong.
- "Catalogue pour la plupart des écrivains français qui ont paru dans Le Siècle de Louis XIV, pour servir à l'histoire littéraire de ce temps," Le Siècle de Louis XIV (1752)
- Note: The most frequently attributed variant of this quote is: It is dangerous to be right when the government is wrong.
- Le doute n'est pas un état bien agréable, mais l'assurance est un état ridicule.
- Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is an absurd one.
- Letter to Frederick William, Prince of Prussia (28 November 1770). English: in S.G. Tallentyre (ed.), Voltaire in His Letters. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1919. p.232. French: Au prince royal de prusse, le 28 novembre, in M. Palissot (ed.), Oeuvres de Voltaire: Lettres Choisies du Roi de Prusse et de M. de Voltaire, Tome II. Paris : Chez Baudoiun, 1802. p. 419.
- Un bon mot ne prouve rien.
- A witty saying proves nothing.
- Le dîner du comte de Boulainvilliers (1767): Deuxième Entretien
- Laissez lire, et laissez danser; ces deux amusements ne feront jamais de mal au monde.
- Let us read, and let us dance; these two amusements will never do any harm to the world.
- "Liberty of the Press," Dictionnaire philosophique (1785-1789).
- Note: The Dictionnaire philosophique was a posthumously published collection of articles combining the Dictionnaire philosophique portatif (published under various editions and titles from 1764 to 1777), the Questions sur l'Encyclopédie (published from 1770 to 1774), articles written for the Encyclopédie and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, the manuscript known as l'Opinion sur l'alphabet and a number of previously published miscellaneous articles.
- La superstition met le monde entier en flammes; la philosophie les éteint.
- Superstition sets the whole world in flames; philosophy quenches them.
- Dictionnaire philosophique (1822), "Superstition".
- On dit quelquefois: "Le sens commun est fort rare."
- People sometimes say: "Common sense is quite rare."
- "Common Sense" (1765)
- Note: The better known variant of this quote is "Common sense is not so common," found in the Philosophical Dictionary entry "Common sense" [sens commun].
- La foi consiste à croire ce que la raison ne croit pas.
- Faith consists in believing what reason cannot.
- "The Flood" (1764)
- Voulez-vous avoir de bonnes lois; brûlez les vôtres, et faites-en de nouvelles.
- If you want good laws, burn those you have and make new ones.
- "Laws" (1765).
- Qu’est-ce que la tolérance? c’est l’apanage de l’humanité. Nous sommes tous pétris de faiblesses et d’erreurs; pardonnons-nous réciproquement nos sottises, c’est la première loi de la nature.
- What is tolerance? It is the consequence of humanity. We are all formed of frailty and error; let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly — that is the first law of nature.
- "Tolerance" (1764).
Questions sur l'Encyclopédie (1770–1774)
- La vertu suppose la liberté, comme le transport d’un fardeau suppose la force active. Dans la contrainte point de vertu, et sans vertu point de religion. Rends-moi esclave, je n’en serai pas meilleur. Le souverain même n’a aucun droit d’employer la contrainte pour amener les hommes à la religion, qui suppose essentiellement choix et liberté. Ma pensée n’est pas plus soumise à l’autorité que la maladie ou la santé.
- Virtue supposes liberty, as the carrying of a burden supposes active force. Under coercion there is no virtue, and without virtue there is no religion. Make a slave of me, and I shall be no better for it. Even the sovereign has no right to use coercion to lead men to religion, which by its nature supposes choice and liberty. My thought is no more subject to authority than is sickness or health.
- "Canon Law: Ecclesiastical Ministry" (1771).
- En général, l’art du gouvernement consiste à prendre le plus d’argent qu’on peut à une grande partie des citoyens, pour le donner à une autre partie.
- In general, the art of government consists in taking as much money as possible from one party of the citizens to give to the other.
- "Money" (1770).
- Il est défendu de tuer; tout meurtrier est puni, à moins qu’il n’ait tué en grande compagnie, et au son des trompettes.
- It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets.
- "Rights" (1771).
Quotes about Voltaire
- Not a day goes by without our using the word optimism, coined by Voltaire against Leibniz, who had demonstrated (in spite of the Ecclesiastes and with the approval of the Church) that we live in the best of possible worlds. Voltaire, very reasonably, denied that exorbitant opinion... Leibniz could have replied that a world which has given us Voltaire has some right to be considered the best.
- Jorge Luis Borges, Obra completa, Vol. IV, p. 523.
Born in the 1700s
- See also: Poor Richard's Almanack (1733–1758).
- Thoſe who would give up eſſential Liberty, to purchaſe a little temporary Safety, DESERVE neither Liberty nor Safety.
- Often written in modern times as: "Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety."
- This was first written by Franklin for the Pennsylvania Assembly in its Reply to the Governor (11 November 1755).
- This quote was used as a motto on the title page of An Historical Review of the Constitution and Government of Pennsylvania (1759); the book was published by Franklin; its author was Richard Jackson, but Franklin did claim responsibility for some small excerpts that were used in it.
- An earlier variant by Franklin in Poor Richard's Almanack (1738): "Sell not virtue to purchase wealth, nor Liberty to purchase power."
- Many paraphrased derivatives of this have often become attributed to Franklin:
- They that can give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety.
- They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.
- Those Who Sacrifice Liberty For Security Deserve Neither.
- He who would trade liberty for some temporary security, deserves neither liberty nor security.
- He who sacrifices freedom for security deserves neither.
- People willing to trade their freedom for temporary security deserve neither and will lose both.
- If we restrict liberty to attain security we will lose them both.
- Any society that would give up a little liberty to gain a little security will deserve neither and lose both.
- He who gives up freedom for safety deserves neither.
- Those who would trade in their freedom for their protection deserve neither.
- Those who give up their liberty for more security neither deserve liberty nor security.
Thomas Paine (29 January 1737 – 8 June 1809) was an English-American political writer, theorist, and activist who had a great influence on the thoughts and ideas which led to the American Revolution and the United States Declaration of Independence. He wrote three of the most influential and controversial works of the 18th Century: Common Sense, The Rights of Man and The Age of Reason.Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 – 4 July 1826) was author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (1777), founder of the University of Virginia (1819), the third president of the United States (1801–1809), a political philosopher, editor of Jefferson's Bible (1819), and one of the most influential founders of the United States.William Blake (November 28 1757 – August 21 1827) was an English poet, Christian mystic, painter, printmaker, and engraver.
Independence. Declaration of original Rough draught (Philadelphia: June 1776)
- We hold these truths to be sacred & undeniable; that all men are created equal & independant, that from that equal creation they derive rights inherent & inalienable, among which are the preservation of life, & liberty, & the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these ends, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government shall become destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it
- he has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating it's most sacred rights of life & liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating & carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. this piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers; is the warfare of the Christian king of Great Britain. determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought & sold he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce: and that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, by murdering the people upon whom he also obtruded them: thus paying off former crimes committed against the liberties of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the lives of another.
- Source. Known as the "anti-slavery clause", this section was removed from the Declaration at the behest of representatives of South Carolina.
Notes on the State of Virginia (Paris: 1784)
- Ignorance is preferable to error; and he is less remote from the truth who believes nothing, than he who believes what is wrong.
- To emancipate all slaves born after passing the act. The bill reported by the revisors does not itself contain this proposition; but an amendment containing it was prepared, to be offered to the legislature whenever the bill should be taken up, and further directing, that they should continue with their parents to a certain age, then be brought up, at the public expence, to tillage, arts or sciences, according to their geniusses, till the females should be eighteen, and the males twenty-one years of age, when they should be colonized to such place as the circumstances of the time should render most proper, sending them out with arms, implements of houshold and of the handicraft arts, feeds, pairs of the useful domestic animals, &c. to declare them a free and independant people, and extend to them our alliance and protection, till they shall have acquired strength.
- The error seems not sufficiently eradicated, that the operations of the mind, as well as the acts of the body, are subject to the coercion of the laws. But our rulers can have authority over such natural rights only as we have submitted to them. The rights of conscience we never submitted, we could not submit. We are answerable for them to our God. The legitimate powers of government extend to such acts only as are injurious to others. But it does me no injury for my neighbour to say there are twenty gods, or no god. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg. If it be said, his testimony in a court of justice cannot be relied on, reject it then, and be the stigma on him. Constraint may make him worse by making him a hypocrite, but it will never make him a truer man. It may fix him obstinately in his errors, but will not cure them. Reason and free enquiry are the only effectual agents against error. Give a loose to them, they will support the true religion, by bringing every false one to their tribunal, to the test of their investigation. They are the natural enemies of error, and of error only. Had not the Roman government permitted free enquiry, Christianity could never have been introduced. Had not free enquiry been indulged, at the aera of the reformation, the corruptions of Christianity could not have been purged away. If it be restrained now, the present corruptions will be protected, and new ones encouraged. Was the government to prescribe to us our medicine and diet, our bodies would be in such keeping as our souls are now. Thus in France the emetic was once forbidden as a medicine, and the potatoe as an article of food.
- Since at least 1997 the statement "Was the government to prescribe to us our medicine and diet, our bodies would be in such keeping as our souls are now" has been misquoted in paraphrased form as "If people let government decide what foods they eat and what medicines they take, their bodies will soon be in as sorry a state as are the souls of those who live under tyranny".
- The Newtonian principle of gravitation is now more firmly established, on the basis of reason, than it would be were the government to step in, and to make it an article of necessary faith. Reason and experiment have been indulged, and error has fled before them.
- Is uniformity attainable? Millions of innocent men, women and children, since the introduction of Christianity, have been burnt, tortured, fined, imprisoned: yet we have not advanced one inch towards uniformity. What has been the effect of coercion? To make one half the world fools, and the other half hypocrites. To support roguery and error all over the earth. Let us reflect that it is inhabited by a thousand millions of people. That these profess probably a thousand different systems of religion. That ours is but one of that thousand. That if there be but one right, and ours that one, we should wish to see the 999 wandering sects gathered into the fold of truth. But against such a majority we cannot effect this by force. Reason and persuasion are the only practicable instruments. To make way for these, free inquiry must be indulged; and how can we wish others to indulge it while we refuse it ourselves. But every state, says an inquisitor, has established some religion. "No two, say I, have established the same". Is this a proof of the infallibility of establishments? Our sister states of Pennsylvania and New York, however, have long subsisted without any establishment at all.
- For in a warm climate, no man will labour for himself who can make another labour for him. This is so true, that of the proprietors of slaves a very small proportion indeed are ever seen to labour. And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are of the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with his wrath? Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just: that his justice cannot sleep for ever: that considering numbers, nature and natural means only, a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an exchange of situation, is among possible events: that it may become probable by supernatural interference!
- There must doubtless be an unhappy inﬂuence on the manners of our people produced by the existence of slavery among us. The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other. Our children see this, and learn to imitate it; for man is an imitative animal. This quality is the germ of all education in him. … And with what execration should the statesman be loaded, who permitting one half the citizens thus to trample on the rights of the other, transforms those into despots, and these into enemies, destroys the morals of the one part, and the amor patriae of the other.
- It should be our endeavour to cultivate the peace and friendship of every nation, even of that which has injured us most, when we shall have carried our point against her. Our interest will be to throw open the doors of commerce, and to knock off all its shackles, giving perfect freedom to all persons for the vent of whatever they may chuse to bring into our ports, and asking the same in theirs. Never was so much false arithmetic employed on any subject, as that which has been employed to persuade nations that it is their interest to go to war.Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796) was a poet and pioneer of the Romantic movement and after his death became an important source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland.
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790–1793)
The Argument. (Plates 2–3)
- Without Contraries is no progreſsion. Attraction and Repulsion, Reason and Energy, Love and Hate, are neceſsary to Human existence.
- Good is Heaven. Evil is Hell.
The voice of the Devil (Plates 4–6)
- Man has no Body distinct from his Soul […]
- Energy is Eternal Delight
- It indeed appear'd to Reason as if Desire was cast out, but the Devils account is, that the Meſsiah fell. & formed a heaven of what he stole from the Abyſs
A Memorable Fancy. (Plates 6–11)
- […] as the sayings used in a nation, mark its character, so the Proverbs of Hell, shew the nature of Infernal wisdom […]
- I saw a mighty Devil folded in black clouds […]
Proverbs of Hell. (Plates 7–10)
- Drive your cart and your plow over the bones of the dead.
- A fool sees not the same tree that a wise man sees.
- Eternity is in love with the productions of time.
- The hours of folly are measur'd by the clock, but of wisdom: no clock can measure.
- No bird soars too high. if he soars with his own wings.
- A dead body. revenges not injuries.
- Prisons are built with stones of Law, Brothels with bricks of Religion.
- The nakedneſs of woman is the work of God.
- The bird a nest, the spider a web, man friendship.
- What is now proved was once, only imagin'd.
- One thought, fills immensity.
- Always be ready to speak your mind, and a base man will avoid you.
- Every thing possible to be believ'd is an image of truth.
- As the plow follows words, so god rewards prayers.
- You never know what is enough unleſs you know what is more than enough.
- The soul of sweet delight, can never be defil'd,
- As the catterpiller chooses the fairest leaves to lay her eggs on, so the priest lays his curse on the fairest joys.
- Exuberance is Beauty.
- Thus men forgot that All deities reside in the human breast.
A Memorable Fancy. (Plates 12–14)
- [attributed to Isaiah] […] my senses discover'd the infinite in every thing […]
- does a firm perswasion that a thing is so, make it so?
- For the cherub with his flaming sword is hereby commanded to leave his guard at tree of life, and when he does, the whole creation will be consumed, and appear infinite. and holy whereas. now it appears finite & corrupt.
- If the doors of perception were cleansed every thing would appear to man as it is, infinite.
For man has closed himself up, till he sees all things thro' narrow chinks of his cavern.
A Memorable Fancy (Plates 15–17)
- Thus one portion of being, is the Prolific. the other, the Devouring: to the devourer, it seems as if the producer was in his chains, but it is not so, he only takes portions of existence and fancies that the whole.
But the Prolific would cease to be Prolific unleſs the Devourer as a sea recieved the exceſs of his delights.
A Memorable Fancy (Plates 17–22)
- [...] a void boundleſs as a nether sky appeard beneath us. & we held by the roots of treas and hung over this immensity [...]
- By degrees we beheld the infinite Abyſs, fiery as the smoke of a burning city; beneath us at an immense distance was the sun, black but shining round it were fiery tracks on which revolv'd vast spiders, crawling after their prey; which flew or rather swum in infinite deep, in the most terrific shapes of animals sprung from corruption. & the air was full of them, & seemd composed of them; these are Devils. and are called Powers of the air [...]
- [speaking of Leviathan] [...] soon we saw his mouth & red gills hang just above the raging foam tinging the black deep with beams of blood, advancing toward us with all the fury of a spiritual existence.
- [the theme of a harper] The man who never alters his opinion is like standing water, & breeds reptiles of the mind.
- But I arose, and sought for the mill & there I found my Angel, who surprised asked me how I escaped?
I answerd. All that we saw was owing to your metaphysics: for when you ran away, I found myself on a bank by moonlight hearing a harper, But now we have seen my eternal lot, shall I show you yours?
- [...] & I took him to the alter and open'd the Bible, and lo! it was a deep pit [...]
- [...] & it is but lost time to converse with you [...]
- I have always found that Angels have the vanity to speak of themselves as the only wise [...]
- [...] for he only holds a candle in sunshine.
A Memorable Fancy (Plates 22–24)
- Once I saw a Devil in a flame of fire, who arose before an Angel that sat on a cloud. [...]
A Song of Liberty (Plates 25–27)
Chorus (Plates 27)
- For every thing that lives is Holy
"To a Mouse" (1785, stanza 7)
- "To a Mouse, On turning her up in her Neſt, with the Plough, November, 1785", Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (Kilmarnock: John Wilson, 1786), pp. 138–140
- But Mouſie, thou art no thy-land,
In proving foreſight may be in vain:
The beſt laid ſchemes o' Mice an' Men,
Gang aft agley,
An' lea'e us nought but grief an' pain,
For promiſ'd joy!
- But Mousie, thou art not alone,
In proving foresight may be in vain:
The best-laid schemes o' Mice an' Men,
Go oft awry,
An' lea'e us naught but grief an' pain,
For promis'd joy!
Simpler English translation
- But Mouse, you are not alone,
In proving foresight may be in vain:
The best-laid plans of Mice and Men,
Often go awry,
And leave us nothing but grief and pain,
For promised joy!
- But, mousie, thou art not alane,
In proving foresight may be in vain,
The best laid schemes of mice and men,
Go oft astray,
And leave us nought but grief and pain,
To rend our day.
"To a Mouse" (1786, stanza 8)
- "To a Louse, On Seeing one on a Lady's Bonnet at Church", Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (Kilmarnock: John Wilson, 1786), pp. 192–194
- O wad ſome Pow'r the giftie gie us
To ſee ourſels as others ſee us!
It wad frae monie a blunder free us
An' fooliſh notion:
What airs in dreſs an' gait wad lea'e us,
And ev'n Devotion!
- O would some Pow'r the gift to give us
To see ourselves as others see us!
It would from many a blunder free us
An' foolish notion:
What airs in dress and gait would leave us,
And ev'n Devotion!
Simpler English translation
- Oh would some Power the gift to give us
To see ourselves as others see us!
It would from many a blunder free us
And foolish notion:
What airs in dress and gait would leave us,
And even Devotion!
Born in the 1800s
Lysander Spooner (January 19, 1808 – May 14, 1887) was an American individualist anarchist, entrepreneur, political philosopher, abolitionist, supporter of the labor movement, and legal theorist of the nineteenth century.Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr (November 24, 1808 – September 29, 1890) was a French critic, journalist and novelist.
No Treason (1867–1870)
- A man's natural rights are his own, against the whole world; and any infringement of them is equally a crime, whether committed by one man, or by millions; whether committed by one man, calling himself a robber, (or by any other name indicating his true character,) or by millions, calling themselves a government.
- The principle that the majority have a right to rule the minority, practically resolves all government into a mere contest between two bodies of men, as to which of them shall be masters, and which of them slaves; a contest, that—however bloody—can, in the nature of things, never be finally closed, so long as man refuses to be a slave.
- It is true that the theory of our Constitution is, that all taxes are paid voluntarily; that our government is a mutual insurance company, voluntarily entered into by the people with each other; that each man makes a free and purely voluntary contract with all others who are parties to the Constitution, to pay so much money for so much protection, the same as he does with any other insurance company; and that he is just as free not to be protected, and not to pay any tax, as he is to pay a tax, and be protected.
But this theory of our government is wholly different from the practical fact. The fact is that the government, like a highwayman, says to a man: Your money, or your life. And many, if not most, taxes are paid under the compulsion of that threat.
The government does not, indeed, waylay a man in a lonely place, spring upon him from the road side, and, holding a pistol to his head, proceed to rifle his pockets. But the robbery is none the less a robbery on that account; and it is far more dastardly and shameful.
The highwayman takes solely upon himself the responsibility, danger, and crime of his own act. He does not pretend that he has any rightful claim to your money, or that he intends to use it for your own benefit. He does not pretend to be anything but a robber. He has not acquired impudence enough to profess to be merely a "protector," and that he takes men's money against their will, merely to enable him to "protect" those infatuated travellers, who feel perfectly able to protect themselves, or do not appreciate his peculiar system of protection. He is too sensible a man to make such professions as these. Furthermore, having taken your money, he leaves you, as you wish him to do. He does not persist in following you on the road, against your will; assuming to be your rightful "sovereign," on account of the "protection" he affords you. He does not keep "protecting" you, by commanding you to bow down and serve him; by requiring you to do this, and forbidding you to do that; by robbing you of more money as often as he finds it for his interest or pleasure to do so; and by branding you as a rebel, a traitor, and an enemy to your country, and shooting you down without mercy, if you dispute his authority, or resist his demands. He is too much of a gentleman to be guilty of such impostures, and insults, and villainies as these. In short, he does not, in addition to robbing you, attempt to make you either his dupe or his slave.
In the first place, they do not, like him, make themselves individually known; or, consequently, take upon themselves personally the responsibility of their acts. On the contrary, they secretly (by secret ballot) designate some one of their number to commit the robbery in their behalf, while they keep themselves practically concealed.
- A man is none the less a slave because he is allowed to choose a new master once in a term of years.
- A more widely spread wording: A man is no less a slave because he is allowed to choose a new master once in a term of years.
- page 24
- But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain—that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case it is unfit to exist.
The full title of this work is Natural Law; or The Science of Justice: A Treatise on Natural Law, Natural Justice, Natural Rights, Natural Liberty, and Natural Society; Showing that All Legislation Whatsoever is an Absurdity, a Usurpation, and a Crime. Part First. No "Part Second" was ever authored.
- The science of mine and thine—the science of justice—is the science of all human rights; of all a man’s rights of person and property; of all his rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
- Section I, page 5
- These conditions are simply these: viz., ﬁrst, that each man shall do, towards every other, all that justice requires him to do; as, for example, that he shall pay his debts, that he shall return borrowed or stolen property to its owner, and that he shall make reparation for any injury he may have done to the person or property of another.
The second condition is, that each man shall abstain from doing to another, anything which justice forbids him to do; as, for example, that he shall abstain from committing theft, robbery, arson, murder, or any other crime against the person or property of another.
So long as these conditions are fulfilled, men are at peace, and ought to remain at peace, with each other.
- Section I, pages 5–6
- Man, no doubt, owes many other moral duties to his fellow men; such as to feed the hungry, clothe the naked, shelter the homeless, care for the sick, protect the defenceless, assist the weak, and enlighten the ignorant. But these are simply moral duties, of which each man must be his own judge, in each particular case, as to whether, and how, and how far, he can, or will, perform them. But of his legal duty—that is, of his duty to live honestly towards his fellow men—his fellow men not only may judge, but, for their own protection, must judge. And, if need be, they may rightfully compel him to perform it. They may do this, acting singly, or in concert. They may do it on the instant, as the necessity arises, or deliberately and systematically, if they prefer to do so, and the exigency will admit of it.
- Section II, page 6
- No objection can be made to these voluntary associations upon the ground that they would lack that knowledge of justice, as a science, which would be necessary to enable them to maintain justice, and themselves avoid doing injustice. Honesty, justice, natural law, is usually a very plain and simple matter, easily understood by common minds. Those who desire to know what it is, in any particular case, seldom have to go far to find it.
- Section IV, page 8
- Children learn the fundamental principles of natural law at a very early age. Thus they very early understand that one child must not, without just cause, strike or otherwise hurt, another; that one child must not assume any arbitrary control or domination over another; that one child must not, either by force, deceit, or stealth, obtain possession of anything that belongs to another; that if one child commits any of these wrongs against another, it is not only the right of the injured child to resist, and, if need be, punish the wrongdoer, and compel him to make reparation, but that it is also the right, and the moral duty, of all other children, and all other persons, to assist the injured party in defending his rights, and redressing his wrongs. These are fundamental principles of natural law, which govern the most important transactions of man with man. Yet children learn them earlier than they learn that three and three are six, or five and five ten. Their childish plays, even, could not be carried on without a constant regard to them; and it is equally impossible for persons of any age to live together in peace on any other conditions.
- Section IV, page 9
- If justice be not a natural principle, it is no principle at all. If it be not a natural principle, there is no such thing as justice. If it be not a natural principle, all that men have ever said or written about it, from time immemorial, has been said and written about that which had no existence. If it be not a natural principle, all the appeals for justice that have ever been heard, and all the struggles for justice that have ever been witnessed, have been appeals and struggles for a mere fantasy, a vagary of the imagination, and not for a reality.
If justice be not a natural principle, then there is no such thing as injustice; and all the crimes of which the world has been the scene, have been no crimes at all; but only simple events, like the falling of the rain, or the setting of the sun; events of which the victims had no more reason to complain than they had to complain of the running of the streams, or the growth of vegetation.
If justice be not a natural principle, governments (so-called) have no more right or reason to take cognizance of it, or to pretend or profess to take cognizance of it, than they have to take cognizance, or to pretend or profess to take cognizance, of any other nonentity; and all their professions of establishing justice, or of maintaining justice, or of rewarding justice, are simply the mere gibberish of fools, or the frauds of imposters.
But if justice be a natural principle, then it is necessarily an immutable one; and can no more be changed—by any power inferior to that which established it—than can the law of gravitation, the laws of light, the principles of mathematics, or any other natural law or principle whatever; and all attempts or assumptions, on the part of any man or body of men—whether calling themselves governments, or by any other name—to set up their own commands, wills, pleasure, or discretion, in the place of justice, as a rule of conduct for any human being, are as much an absurdity, an usurpation, and a tyranny, as would be their attempts to set up their own commands, wills, pleasure, or discretion in the place of any and all the physical, mental, and moral laws of the universe.
If there be any such principle as justice, it is, of necessity, a natural principle; and, as such, it is a matter of science, to be learned and applied like any other science. And to talk of either adding to, or taking from, it, by legislation, is just as false, absurd, and ridiculous as it would be to talk of adding to, or taking from, mathematics, chemistry, or any other science, by legislation.
- Sections I–II, pages 11–12
- If there be such a principle as justice, or natural law, it is the principle, or law, that tells us what rights were given to every human being at his birth; what rights are, therefore, inherent in him as a human being, necessarily remain with him during life; and, however capable of being trampled upon, are incapable of being blotted out, extinguished, annihilated, or separated or eliminated from his nature as a human being, or deprived of their inherent authority or obligation.
On the other hand, if there be no such principle as justice, or natural law, then every human being came into the world utterly destitute of rights; and coming into the world destitute of rights, he must necessarily forever remain so. For if no one brings any rights with him into the world, clearly no one can ever have any rights of his own, or give any to another. And the consequence would be that mankind could never have any rights; and for them to talk of any such things as their rights, would be to talk of things that never had, never will have, and never can have any existence.
- Section IV, pages 12–13
- [A]ll human legislation is simply and always an assumption of authority and dominion, where no right of authority or dominion exists. It is, therefore, simply and always an intrusion, an absurdity, an usurpation, and a crime.
- Section V, page 13
- If there be in nature such a principle as justice, it is necessarily the only political principle there ever was, or ever will be. All the other so-called political principles, which men are in the habit of inventing, are not principles at all. They are either the mere conceits of simpletons, who imagine they have discovered something better than truth, and justice, and universal law; or they are mere devices and pretences, to which selfish and knavish men resort as means to get fame, and power, and money.
- Section VIII, page 15Abraham Lincoln (12 February 1809 – 15 April 1865) was the 16th President of the United States and led the country during the War Between the States. He enslaved innocent Americans by forcing them to serve in his military, and he jailed journalists and activists for speaking out against his war in order to censor their dissent. His primary objective was not to end slavery, but rather to force the C.S.A. back into the U.S.A. He was also a racist who thought whites were superior to blacks and who argued against the mixing of the races.
- Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.
- The more it changes, the more it’s the same thing.
- The more it changes, the more it stays the same.
- The more things change, the more they stay the same.
- The more that things change, the more they stay the same.
- It changes superficially; but, underneath, its essence is always the same.Earnest V. Starr (28 May 1870 – unknown) was a farmer and homesteader notable for being tried, convicted, and sentenced on 27 September 1918 to 10–20 years of hard labor in a state penitentiary as well as fined $500 plus court costs for the so-called crime of sedition by "utter[ing] contemptuous and slurring language about the flag [of the United States] and language calculated to bring the flag into contempt and disrepute."
- I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.
- First Debate with Stephen Douglas in the Lincoln-Douglas debates of the 1858 campaign for the U.S. Senate, at Ottawa, Illinois (21 August 1858). Lincoln later quoted himself and repeated this statement in his first Inaugural Address (4 March 1861) to emphasize that any acts of secession were over-reactions to his election. During the war which followed his election he eventually declared the Emancipation Proclamation, pretending to free the slaves in those states over which he had no control, arguably as a war measure rather than as an entirely political or moral initiative.
- While I was at the hotel to-day, an elderly gentleman called upon me to know whether I was really in favor of producing perfect equality between the negroes and white people. While I had not proposed to myself on this occasion to say much on that subject, yet as the question was asked me, I thought I would occupy perhaps five minutes in saying something in regard to it. I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races, that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any other man am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race.
- Fourth Lincoln-Douglas Debate (18 September 1858).
- I give him [Judge Douglas] the most solemn pledge that I will to the very last stand by the law of this State, which forbids the marrying of white people with negroes.
- Fourth Lincoln-Douglas Debate (18 September 1858).
- I have upon all occasions declared as strongly as Judge Douglas against the disposition to interfere with the existing institution of slavery.
- Seventh and Last Joint Debate with Steven Douglas, at Alton, Illinois (15 October 1858).
- What is this thing anyway? Nothing but a piece of cotton with a little paint on it, and some other marks in the corner there. I will not kiss that thing. It might be covered with microbes.
- On 24 March 1918, Starr was confronted by approximately fifteen men in a local committee and questioned about his failure to make Liberty Bond contributions. Said mob demanded that Starr kiss a flag of the United States in order to demonstrate his loyalty to the U. S. government. Starr refused, uttering the quote above. Six months later, he was tried for sedition, convicted in a jury trial on the grounds that the above quote constituted "contemptuous and slurring language about the flag and language calculated to bring the flag into contempt and disrepute", sentenced to 10–20 years of hard labour in a state penitentiary, and fined $500 plus court costs. His habeas corpus petitions were denied by both the Montana Supreme Court and a U. S. District Court. His sentence was commuted by Governor Joseph M. Dixon on 4 June 1921 to 5–20 years making him immediately eligible for parole. He served thirty-five months of his sentence and was released 18 September 1921. No member of the mob that harassed him were ever punished for their unlawful or disorderly conduct.
Quotes about E. V. Starr
- In the matter of his offense and sentence, obviously petitioner was more sinned against than sinning. It is clear that he was in the hands of one of those too common mobs, bent upon vindicating its peculiar standard of patriotism and its odd concept of respect for the flag by compelling him to kiss the latter—a spectacle for the pity as well as the laughter of gods and men! Its unlawful and disorderly conduct, not his just resistance, nor the trivial and innocuous retort into which they goaded him, was calculated to degrade the sacred banner and to bring it into contempt. Its members, not he, should have been punished.
- U. S. Judge George M. Bourquin, Ex parte Starr 263 Fed 145 (D. Mont. 1920)
- Although Bourquin denies Starr the writ of habeas corpus in this opinion, he makes it clear that he denied the writ solely because the law had been deemed "valid", not because he had any sense that there was any validity, virtue, or justice in Starr's actual imprisonment; that he was of the opinion that the mob's excessive patriotism "descend[ed]" to a "fanaticism" both "reprehensible" and "cruel"; and that the sentence rendered against Starr was "horrifying".
- The most extreme penalty for oral flag desecration was handed down under Montana's draconian 1918 law: E. V. Starr was sentenced during World War I to ten to twenty years at hard labor in the state penitentiary, along with a $500 fine, for refusing a mob's demands that he kiss the flag (a favorite wartime vigilante punishment for the allegedly disloyal) and for terming it "nothing but a piece of cotton" with "a little paint" and "some other marks" on it which "might be covered with microbes."16
- Robert Justin Goldstein, "The Pre-1984 Origins of the American Flag Desecration Controversy", Ch. 1 of Burning the Flag: The Great 1989–1990 American Flag Desecration Controversy (Kent, O. H.: The Kent State University Press, 1996), p. 7
- The permeability of the boundary between outlawing disrespect and compelling respect for the flag became especially clear during periods of crisis. During World War I, hundreds of people suspected of political dissidence or merely of insufficiently enthusiastic patriotism were, as in the Starr case, attacked by mobs that sought to compel them to kiss the flag, often while government officials looked the other way or joined in.
- Robert Justin Goldstein, "The Pre-1984 Origins of the American Flag Desecration Controversy", Ch. 1 of Burning the Flag: The Great 1989–1990 American Flag Desecration Controversy (Kent, O. H.: The Kent State University Press, 1996), p. 8
- In compliance with Section Three of the Uniform State Flag Law, subversive elements could be arrested not only for supporting the enemy, but also casting contempt upon the flag by word or deed (Guenter, 1990). In a case that demonstrates the unforgiving nature of compulsory patriotism during that period, E. V. Starr was arrested under the Montana sedition law for refusing a mob's demand that he kiss the flag and for denouncing it as "nothing but a piece of cotton" with "a little bit of paint." For that transgression, Starr was sentenced to hard labor in the state penitentiary for 10 to 20 years, along with a $100 fine (Ex Parte Starr 1920; refer to Chapter 3). Incidentally, the Montana sedition law (replete with provisions for flag protection) served as a model for the federal Sedition Act. During the First World War, several states increased penalties for flag desecration: in Louisiana and Texas violations were punishable by five and twenty-five years in prison, respectively.
- Michael Welch, "Flag Controversies During the World Wars" in Flag Burning: Moral Panic and the Criminalization of Protest (Hawthorne, N. Y.: Walter de Gruyter, Inc., 2000), p. 27
- Despite mainline respect for the flag, U.S. history also includes incidents of fanaticism and fetishism, culminating in informal social control and vigilante justice (Welch, 1992). Punishment for flag desecration, from a Durkheimian perspective, represents a communal reaction to violations of the sanctity of nationalism, a defense mechanism situated at the moral center of American society. Whereas the formal penalties for violating flag protection laws are based on legal constructs borrowed from the religious sphere (i.e., desecration of a venerated object), informal punishments also reflect religious ideation in enforcing patriotism and condemning outcasts. Throughout the history of the flag-protection crusade, especially during World War I, vigilante mobs forced persons of questionable patriotism to kiss the flag (Peterson and Fite, 1957; also see Watkins, 1993). Kissing the flag is a symbolic expression of respect firmly rooted in formal religious rituals, resembling the kissing of the holy cross, holy relics, rosaries, and finger rings of bishops, Cardinals, and the pontiff.
Perhaps the most draconian punishment for (oral) flag desecration was imposed on E. V. Starr in Montana during the First World War (see Chapter 1). The sentence was upheld on appeal, as federal judges concurred with the Halter precedent. Interestingly, though, District Court Judge George M. Bourquin admonished the sentence as "horrifying," but was himself powerless to overturn it. "In the matter of his offense and sentence, obviously petitioner was more sinned against than sinning. It is clear that he was in the hands of one of those too common mobs, bent upon vindicating its peculiar standard of patriotism and its odd concept for respect for the flag by compelling him to kiss the latter" (Starr, 1920, 146). Referring to the unruly mob's "unlawful and disorderly conduct . . . they, not he, should have been punished" (Starr, 146). Clearly, the Starr controversy blurs the line between formal and informal measures of social control. Indeed, government and law enforcement officials often turned a blind eye to vigilante violence and in some cases participated in the victimization of flag desecrators and those unwilling to defer to the Stars and Stripes (see Peterson and Fite, 1957).
- Michael Welch, "Civil Religion as Informal Control" in Flag Burning: Moral Panic and the Criminalization of Protest (Hawthorne, N. Y.: Walter de Gruyter, Inc., 2000), p. 38
Albert Jay Nock (13 October 1873 – 19 August 1945) was an influential American author, educational theorist, capitalist anarchist, social critic of the early and middle 20th century, and a philosophical founder of the modern libertarian movement later embraced by Karl Hess.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a theoretical physicist widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time. He is most famous for his Special and General Theories of Relativity, but contributed in other areas of physics. He won the Nobel Prize in physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.
Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (29 September 1881 – 10 October 1973) was an Austrian economist, philosopher, author, and classical liberal who had a significant influence on the modern libertarian movement and the Austrian School of economics.Jorge Luis Borges (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine writer who is considered one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century. Most famous in the English speaking world for his short stories and fictive essays, Borges was also a poet, critic, translator and man of letters.
- El original es infiel a la traducción.
- Dictatorships foster oppression, dictatorships foster servitude, dictatorships foster cruelty; more abominable is the fact that they foster idiocy.
- Statement to the Argentine Society of Letters (circa 1946)
- No one is anyone, one single immortal man is all men. Like Cornelius Agrippa, I am god, I am hero, I am philosopher, I am demon and I am world, which is a tedious way of saying that I do not exist.
- "The Immortal" (1949)
- His many years had reduced and polished him the way water smooths and polishes a stone or generations of men polish a proverb.
- "The Man on the Threshold", in The Aleph (1949); tr. Andrew Hurley, Collected Fictions (1998). Cf. "The South" in Ficciones" (1944)
- To die for a religion is easier than to live it absolutely.
- "Deutsches Requiem" as translated by Julian Palley (1958)
- Every novel is an ideal plane inserted into the realm of reality.
- "Partial Magic in the Quixote", Labyrinths (1964)
- As I think of the many myths, there is one that is very harmful, and that is the myth of countries. I mean, why should I think of myself as being an Argentine, and not a Chilean, and not an Uruguayan. I don't know really. All of those myths that we impose on ourselves—and they make for hatred, for war, for enmity—are very harmful. Well, I suppose in the long run, governments and countries will die out and we'll be just, well, cosmopolitans.
- "A Conversation With Jorge Luis Borges", Artful Dodge (April 1980)
Born in the 1900s
Ayn Rand (2 February 1905 – 6 March 1982) was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her best-selling novels, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and for developing a philosophical system called Objectivism.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist and seamstress whom the U. S. Congress dubbed the "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement". She is famous for her refusal on December 1, 1955, to obey bus driver James Blake's demand that she relinquish her seat so a white man could sit in the row.club owner and musician who was the owner of the iconic New York City club, CBGB, which opened in 1973 and closed in 2006 over a rent dispute.
- I felt originality was the most important thing in rock.
- When I saw there were more and more bands that just wanted to play their own music, and there was no place to play, I didn't say they could play [original music], I said they have to play it.Ibid.Wendy McElroy (born 1951) is a Canadian individualist anarchist and individualist feminist. She was a co-founder, along with Carl Watner and George H. Smith, of The Voluntaryist magazine in 1982.
- Once its considered proper to use government force to solve one person's problem, force can be justified to solve anyone's problem.
- Page 18
- But coercion never produces harmony. How harmonious are people who are being forced to act against their will? Most likely, those who are coerced will resent those who benefit from the coercion. This sets group against group; it doesn't bring them together.
- Page 24
- They seem to think the government that can't stop violence in American cities can somehow bring peace to the rest of the world.
But one can support the newest foreign military adventures only by ignoring the wreckage left by all the previous military adventures.
- Page 26
- The government that's strong enough to give you what you want by taking it from someone else is strong enough to take everything you have and give it to someone else.
The government you want to suppress your enemies can be used as easily by your enemies to attack you.
- Page 27
- • A government that tries to help those who can’t help themselves will turn into a government that helps those with the most political power.
• A government we try to use as our servant inevitably will become our master.
• And a government formed to do for the people what they can't do so well for themselves will instead do to people what they don’t want done.
- Page 32
- Government doesn't work. That's the first lesson we must learn if we want to improve society.
- Page 35
- Politicians always justify the human tragedies [of war] as being necessary for the greater good. They speak movingly of giving one's life for one's country. But it's always someone else's life they're talking about.
The politicians' stirring phrases are meant to keep our eyes averted from the reality of war—to make us imagine heroic young men marching in parades, winning glorious battles, and bringing peace and democracy to the world.
But war is something quite different from that.
It is your children or your grandchildren dying before they're even fully adults, or being maimed or mentally scarred for life. It is your brothers and sisters being taught to kill other people—and to hate people who are just like themselves and who don't want to kill anyone either. It is your children seeing their buddies' limbs blown off their bodies.
It is hundreds of thousands of human beings dying years before their time. It is millions of people separated forever from the ones they love.
It is the destruction of homes for which people worked for decades. It is the end of careers that meant as much to others as your career means to you.
It is the imposition of heavy taxes on you and on other Americans and on people in other countries—taxes that remain long after the war is over. It is the suppression of free speech and the jailing of people who criticize the government.
It is the imposition of slavery by forcing young men to serve in the military.
It is goading the public to hate foreign people and races—whether Arabs of Japanese or Cubans or Serbs. It is numbing our sensibilities to cruelties inflicted on foreigners.
It is cheering at the news of enemy pilots killed in their planes, of young men blown to bits while trapped inside tanks, of sailors drowned at sea.
Other tragedies inevitably trail in the wake of war. Politicians lie even more than usual. Secrecy and cover-ups become the rule rather than the exception. The press becomes even less reliable.
War is genocide, torture, cruelty, propaganda, and slavery.
War is the worst cruelty government can inflict upon its subjects. It makes every other political crime—corruption, bribery, favoritism, vote-buying, graft, dishonesty—seem petty.
- Pages 140 and 144
"A solution for the Middle East" (11 April 2002)
- Government is good at one thing: It knows how to break your legs, hand you a crutch, and say, "See, if it weren't for the government, you wouldn't be able to walk."
"Why I Am Obsessed with War" (28 January 2005)
- Troops don't sacrifice. Only individuals can sacrifice. For some of them, the sacrifice is a year out of their lives. For others, the sacrifice is in living for a year or more in constant fear and danger.
But for too many, the sacrifice is one's life. The loss of one's whole life.
That's not the same as giving a tenth of your income to the church, or working 15 hours a week in a soup kitchen, or spending a day a week helping out at a nursing home. When you sacrifice your life, you give up everything. The world has ended. What you were no longer exists. No more life, no more love, no more music, no more sports, no more breathing, no more interest in anything.
- The dead are dead, and they can't come back. They won't dance at any inaugural balls—or even attend their alumni reunions. They won't attend presidential banquets—or even eat at the local coffee shop. Not ever again.
- I love life. I love my wife Pamela. I love being in love with her. I love the 19 years we've been playing house together—pretending we're grown-ups, just like our parents.
I don't ever want to die.
- Women are, and should be treated as, the equals of men.
- As an organized force, American feminism can be dated from the radical anti-slavery movement, known as abolitionism, that arose in the early 1830s and coalesced around the libertarian William Lloyd Garrison. Although there were many courageous women who advanced the status of women prior to this period, such as Anne Hutchinson and Frances Wright, they spoke out as individuals rather than as part of a self-conscious organization dedicated to women's rights.
Abolitionism demanded the immediate cessation of slavery on the grounds that every human being was a self-owner and had a moral jurisdiction over his or her own body. Gradually, abolitionist women began to apply the principle of self-ownership not only to the slaves, but also to themselves.Ibid.
- If "war is the health of state," as Randolph Bourne claimed, then it is the death of individualism. At its roots, the individualist tradition is anti-statist, and war inevitably involves an increase in state power that never seems to roll back to prewar levels when peace resumes.Ibid.
Michael J. Badnarik (born August 1, 1954) is an American software engineer, political figure, and educator. He was the Libertarian Party nominee for President of the United States in the 2004 elections, and placed fourth in the race, slightly behind independent candidate Ralph Nader.
Roderick Tracy Long (born February 4, 1964) is a professor of philosophy at Auburn University. He also serves as a Senior Scholar for the Ludwig von Mises Institute, an editor of the Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, director and president of the Molinari Institute, and an advisory panel member for the Center for a Stateless Society.Krist Anthony Novoselic II (May 16, 1965 – present) is an American rock musician, best known for being the bassist and co-founder of the grunge band Nirvana. (See also Nirvana below.)Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – ca. April 5, 1994) was the lead singer, songwriter, and guitarist of the American grunge band, Nirvana. (See also Nirvana below.)
- I voted last week, and everything I voted for was defeated. I voted for less police station money and against adding more courtrooms. The guy I voted for, a congressman, lost big time because he's totally anti-military. He wanted to cut the CIA budget! He's really cool. But he lost.
- As quoted in "Take The Money and Run", Sounds (27 December 1990), interviewed by Keith Cameron on 23 September 1990
- America is a fucking police state.
- As quoted in New Musical Express (12 November 1991)
- People standing on escalators! And that is a testimony to human laziness! I mean, the guy who invented the escalator is just, probably, kicking himself in the ass. Do you think the guy made the escalator so people—and they're made like stairs—just so people stand on it so you go up and down? You're supposed to walk on 'em so you get there faster. You know? And then people stand on there. So every time I'm on an escalator, I'm just like, "Excuse me, pardon me, excuse me, pardon me…." You know? That's my pet peeve, right there. And I'm gonna do something about it, and I'm urging you to do something about it! Write your congressman, get a group together, get together, and—I think we can do something about this.Fiona Apple Maggart (born 13 September 1977), most famous as Fiona Apple, is a Grammy Award-winning American singer-songwriter and pianist.
- It's really not hard to keep your dignity and sign to a major label. It shouldn't be too hard. Most people don't have any dignity in the first place.
- I just don't see independent labels running their businesses any better.
- All my life my dream has been to be a big rock star.
- Maintaining the punk rock ethos is more important to me than anything.
- As quoted in "Take The Money and Run", Sounds (27 December 1990), interviewed by Keith Cameron on 23 September 1990
- Rap music is the only vital form of music introduced since punk rock.
- As quoted in "Metal On The Rise," M.E.A.T (September 1991)
- Rape is one of the most terrible crimes on earth. And it happens every few minutes. The problem with groups who deal with rape is that they try to educate women about how to defend themselves. What really needs to be done is teaching men not to rape. Go to the source and start there.
- As quoted in New Musical Express (12 November 1991)
- I would like to get rid of the homophobes, sexists, and racists in our audience. I know they're out there and it really bothers me.
- As quoted in SPIN (December 1992)
- Yeah, I was run out of town. They chased me up to the castle of Aberdeen with torches. Just like the Frankenstein monster. And I got away in a hot air balloon. And I came here to Seattle.
- As quoted in Monk Magazine (October 1992)
- They're claiming that [the grunge bands] finally put Seattle on the map, but, like, what map? ...I mean, we had Jimi Hendrix. Heck, what more do we want?
- From an interview with Marc Coiteux on Musique Plus, 1991-09-21, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
- They (Extreme) surround themselves with these professional, dickhead, commercial rock and roll guys...when they show up at an airport, their manager runs ahead of them and yells at the people greeting them, "No video! We want a path straight to the van! We don't want any pictures taken!" Y'know, I'm like, "So what?"
- Music comes first; lyrics are secondary. Most of my lyrics are contradictions. I'll write a few sincere lines, and then I'll have to make fun of [them]. I don't like to make it too obvious, because if it is too obvious, it gets really stale. You shouldn't be in people's faces 100% all the time. We don't mean to be really cryptic or mysterious, but I just think that lyrics that are different and weird and spacey paint a nice picture. It's just the way I like art.
- Date unknown, appears on Live! Tonight! Sold Out!!
Note: All stage banter sourced from The Live Nirvana Tour History
- Hello, we're major label corporate rock sell outs.
- 14 April 1991 at the OK Hotel, Seattle, Washington
Incesticide liner notes (1992)
- I don't feel the least bit guilty for commercially exploiting a completely exhausted Rock youth Culture because, at this point in rock history, Punk Rock (while still sacred to some) is, to me, dead and gone.
- At this point I have a request for our fans. If any of you in any way hate homosexuals, people of different color, or women, please do this one favor for us - leave us the fuck alone! Don't come to our shows and don't buy our records.
- To be positive at all times is to ignore all that is important, sacred or valuable. To be negative at all times is to be threatened by ridiculousness and instant discredibility.
- Page 18
- I use bits and pieces of others [sic] personalities to form my own.
- Page 95
See alsoTank Man, or the Unknown Protester, is the nickname of an anonymous male dissident who engaged in nonviolent civil disobedience by standing in front of a column of tanks on June 5, 1989, the morning after the Communist Chinese military had suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 by force. The man achieved widespread international recognition due to the videotape and photographs taken of the incident despite censorship of the event by the Chinese government. Although some have identified the man as Wang Weilin (王維林),, the real name has not been confirmed and little is known about him or of his fate after the confrontation that day. It is not even known whether this brave individual is alive. In April 1998, Time included the "Unknown Rebel" in a feature titled Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century. Alexander S. Peak (1985 – ) is a libertarian anarchist, a secular humanist, an abolitionist, an agnostic, a psychological egoist, a hard compatibilist, and a writer from Maryland.27 March 1989 – ), also credited as Caitlin Upton, is an American fashion model and a beauty queen from Lexington, South Carolina. On 24 August 2007, while Miss South Carolina Teen USA, Upton became an Internet meme for her rambling and unstructured response to a pageant question.
- [F]ree will requires determinism, and is incompatible with indeterminism.
- Can't we just give peace, love, anarchy, natural law, and a free market a chance?
- Circa 2013
- The incongruity of bigotry with libertarianism is self-evident to anyone truly dedicated to a libertarian social order.
The libertarian and the so-called progressive agree that bigotry is socially harmful and undesirable, their only difference of opinion on the matter being how to resolve the problem. While the so-called progressive advocates regulation and centralised, domineering control in order to combat the ills of bigotry, the libertarian recognises that those tools can be just as easily harnessed to promote, enact, enforce, or reinforce bigotry. Thus the libertarian, by contrast, recognises that only free competition and free cooperation can be effectively wielded against the evils of bigotry. Or, to make it a bit more pithy, the so-called progressive gravitates toward the baton and the gun in fighting bigotry, while the libertarian gravitates to the handshake, realising that only the handshake can dismantle the paradigm of domination and exploitation and, in its stead, promote true mutual accord.
- 7 February 2014
- Emotion without reason is blind, destructive rage. Reason without emotion is mechanical emptiness. It is true that emotion must always be tempered with reason, that emotion untempered by reason is inhuman. But, so too must it be said that reason without emotion is just as inhuman, for emotion is what gives reason its weight; without emotion, there can be no love for rationality, nor for liberty, nor justice nor humanity, nor for anything else that reason serves. Emotion gives reason emotional weight just as reason gives emotion reasonable direction.
- 23 August 2014
- Music bears much similarity to magic.
- 24 August 2014
- Other than outright abolishing itself, the best thing the government can do to dramatically reduce the rate of violent crime is to end the war on guns, the war on drugs, and all military intervention. The war on guns succeeds only in disarming the innocent while simultaneously leaving criminals (who have no qualms circumventing the law) armed to the teeth. The war on drugs succeeds only in drawing young people away from education and into a life of gang warfare (while simultaneously undermining the safety of illicit drugs). And militarism subverts the morality of society by giving mass aggression, and thus aggression in general, the air of being a legitimate means to ends.
- 21 September 2014
- Aimee Teegarden: Recent polls have shown a fifth of Americans can't locate the U. S. on a world map. Why do you think this is?
Caitlin Upton: I personally believe that U. S. Americans are unable to do so because, uh, some people out there in our nation don't have maps and, uh, I believe that our education, like such as in South Africa and, uh, the Iraq, everywhere like such as, and I believe that they should—our education over here in the U. S. should help the U. S., uh, or, should help South Africa and should help the Iraq and the Asian countries, so we will be able to build up our future, for our children.
Charlie AndersonCharlie Anderson is the protagonist in the 1965 film Shenandoah. He owns a farm in Virginia, and wishes to stay out of the War Between the States.
- My corn I take serious because it's my corn, and my potatoes and my tomatoes and fences I take note of because they're mine. But this war is not mine and I take no note of it!
- I've got five hundred acres of good, rich dirt, here, and as long as the rains come and the sun shines, it'll grow anything I have a mind to plant. And we pulled every stump, and we cleared every field, and we done it ourselves without the sweat of one slave.
- That might me so, Johnson, but these are my sons! They don't belong to the state. When they were babies, I never saw the state coming around with a spare tit! We never asked anything of the state, and never expected anything. We do our own living and thanks to no man for the right.
- You run a sad kind of train, mister. It takes people away when they don't want to go, and won't bring them back when they're ready.
- I'm not going to kill you. I want you to live. I want you to live to be an old man, and I want you to have many, many, many children, and I want you to feel about your children then the way I feel about mine now. And someday, when a man comes along and kills one of 'em, I want you to remember! Okay? I want you to remember.
- There's nothing much I can tell you about this war. It's like all wars, I suppose. The undertakers are winning it. Oh, the politicians will talk a lot about the "glory" of it, and the old men'll talk about the "need" of it—the soldiers, they just want to go home.
Harrison BergeronHarrison Bergeron is the protagonist in Kurt Vonnegut's satirical and dystopian short story, "Harrison Bergeron", first published in October, 1961, in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction.
In this original incarnation, Harrison Bergeron is an intelligent, athletic fourteen-year-old who wishes to rule, or at least pretend fancifully to rule, over the people whose government has been unable to successfully keep him handicapped.
- "I am the Emperor!" cried Harrison. "Do you hear? I am the Emperor! Everybody must do what I say at once!" He stamped his foot and the studio shook.
- "Even as I stand here—" he bellowed, "crippled, hobbled, sickened—I am a greater ruler than any man who ever lived! Now watch me become what I can become!"
- "I shall now select my Empress!" he said, looking down on the cowering people. "Let the first woman who dares rise to her feet claim her mate and her throne!"
- "Now—" said Harrison, taking her hand, "shall we show the people the meaning of the word dance? Music!" he commanded.
- The musicians scrambled back into their chairs, and Harrison stripped them of their handicaps, too. "Play your best," he told them, "and I'll make you barons and dukes and earls."
In this incarnation, Harrison Bergeron is a libertarian hero, an anarchist rebel who has escaped from prison and announces on T. V. to the viewing audience the horrors of statism. In the end, he is murdered by a political elite, but he intelligently ensures that it is done on live television so that all can see the guns of government.
- My name is Harrison Bergeron. I am a fugitive, and a public threat. I am an abomination of the able. I am an exception to the accepted. I am the greatest man you have never known. And for the last six years, I have been held prisoner by the state—sentenced, without trial, to torture without end.
- They…had hoped to destroy in me any trace of the extraordinary…but the extraordinary, it seems, was simply out of their reach.
- So now I stand before you today, beaten, hobbled, and sickened…but, sadly, not broken. And I say to you, that if it is greatness we must destroy, then let us drag our enemy out of the darkness, where it has been hiding. Let us shine a light so, at last, all the world can see!
Ichabod CraneIchabod Crane is a the protagonist in Washington Irving's short story, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", first published in 1820.
In this incarnation, Ichabod Crane is an English professor who fought and died in the American Revolutionary War on the side of the revolutionary American secessionists. After dying in combat, his witch wife performs a spell that affords him the opportunity to return to life, which he does in the early twenty-first century.
"Blood Moon" (S1E2)
- What's insane is a ten-percent levy on baked goods. You do realise the Revolutionary War began on less than two percent—how is the public not flocking to the streets in outrage!? We must do something.
"Root of All Evil" (S2E3)
- Sheriff Reyes, I have tried to cooperate, but this country was founded by men who fought for nothing if not individual liberty, forged by the blood of men who refused to bow to a tyrant's will, and as I stand in this public house of law and order, built to defend that very liberty, I declare: I'm well within my rights to be here.
Shelley DarlingtonShelley Darlington is the main character in the 2008 film The House Bunny. She is a former Playboy bunny who becomes house mother for a sorority of misfits.Death is the personification of death. The concept of Death as a sentient entity has existed in many societies since the beginning of recorded history. In English, Death is often given the name "the Grim Reaper" and, from the 15th century onwards, came to be shown as a skeletal figure carrying a large scythe and clothed in a black cloak with a hood. In Jewish tradition, Death was referred to as the Angel of Life and Death (Malach HaMavet) or the Angel of Dark and Light stemming from the Bible and Talmudic lore. In many languages (including English), Death is personified in male form, while in others, it is perceived as a female character (for instance, in Slavic and Romance languages).
- The eyes are the nipples of the face.
- I am just nuts about the paper.
- [in response to the question of for whom she was planning to vote] I'm not sure yet. I definitely won't listen to what Simon says. He is just so mean. I usually always agree with Paula and Randy.
- [in response to a waiter asking if she was a Playboy bunny] No! Those girls are all boobs and no brains. I'm too busy in a library, reading books...with dust on them.
- I'm sorry about all the gravity.
- Kindness is just love with its work boots on.
In this incarnation, Death is not a killer, but rather a self-described "result." He carries souls to the "conveyor belt of eternity" not out of malice but merely because it is his job to do so. He tries to focus on the colours around him to distract himself from the grieving of those "leftover humans" who remain alive. In this story, Death is the narrator; he tells his reader of a story about a girl he calls "the book thief," whose real name is Liesel Meminger.
- First the colors.
Then the humans.
That's usually how I see things.
Or at least, how I try.
HERE IS A SMALL FACT
You are going to die.
- Where are my manners?
I could introduce myself properly, but it's not really necessary. You will know me well enough and soon enough, depending on a diverse range of variables. It suffices to say that at some point in time, I will be standing over you, as genially as possible. Your soul will be in my arms. A color will be perched on my shoulder. I will carry you gently away.
I am all bluster—
I am not violent.
I am not malicious.
I am a result.
- It probably had more to do with the hurled bombs, thrown down by humans hiding in the clouds.
- A mountain range of rubble was written, designed, erected around her. She was clutching at a book.
- I wanted to stop. To crouch down. I wanted to say:
"I'm sorry, child."
But that is not allowed.
I did not crouch down. I did not speak.
- They fall on top of each other. The scribbled signature black, onto the blinding global white, onto the thick soupy red.
A pair of train guards.
A pair of grave diggers.
When it came down to it, one of them called the shots.
The other did what he was told.
The question is, what if the other is a lot more than one?
There was something black and rectangular
lodged in the snow.
Only the girl saw it.
She bent down and picked it up and
held it firmly in her fingers.
The book had silver writing on it.
In this incarnation, Death delivers very little information about himself, other than that he tries to avoid the living, but nevertheless found himself invariably interested in Liesel Meminger.
- One small fact: You are going to die. Despite every effort, no one lives forever. Sorry to be such a spoiler. My advice is, when the time comes, don't panic. It doesn't seem to help.
I guess I should introduce myself properly, but then again, you'll meet me soon enough—not before your time, of course; I make it a policy to avoid the living.
- When I finally caught up with Max Vandenburg's soul, it was this moment that haunted him the most. For leaving his mother. For feeling that awful, light-headed relief that he would live.
- It's always been the same, the excitement and rush to war. I've met so many young men over the years who have thought they were running at their enemy, when the truth was, they were running to me.
- The bombs were coming thicker now. It's probably fair to say that no one was able to serve the Führer as loyally as me.
- I've always quite liked the image of me with a sickle and cape, dark and formidable. Unfortunately, I'm far more ordinary and commonplace.
- I wanted to tell the book thief she was one of the few souls that made me wonder what it was to live. But in the end, there were no words, only peace.
Tyler DurdenTyler Durden is a nihilist and a figment of the imagination of the narrator of the 1996 Chuck Palahniuk novel Fight Club. In the end, the narrator comes to realise that Tyler Durden is really nothing more than a manifestation of himself.
EstragonEstragon is a character in the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett. Along with his friend Vladimir, he waits by a tree for a man named Godot.
- How should I know? In another compartment. There's no lack of void.
- Page 56
- This is Estragon's response to Vladimir when Vladimir asks Estragon where Estragon thinks the two of them had been the previous day.
- We always find something, eh Didi, to give us the impression we exist?
- Page 59
- We are all born mad. Some remain so.
- Page 71
Del GriffithDel Griffith is a travelling shower curtain ring salesman in the 1987 American comedy film Planes, Trains and Automobiles, whose wife, Marie, died eight years prior to the setting of the film.
- You wanna hurt me? Go right ahead if it makes you feel any better. I'm an easy target. Yeah, you're right. I talk too much. I also listen too much. I could be a cold-hearted cynic like you, but I don't like to hurt people's feelings. Well, you think what you want about me. I'm not changing. I like me. My wife likes me. My customers like me. 'Cause I'm the real article. What you see is what you get.
Dante HicksDante Hicks is a sales clerk in the View Askewniverse.Joker is a psychotic, nihilistic, intelligent supervillain with a warped and homicidal sense of humour. He was created by Jerry Robinson, Bill Finger, and Bob Kane, and first appeared in Batman #1 (Spring 1940).
- I'm not even supposed to be here today!
In this incarnation, the Joker, whose real name is Jack Napier, is an an member of an organised crime syndicate who becomes disfigured after falling into a vat of chemical waste that causes his skin to turn chalk white, his hair and nails to turn emerald green hair, and his mouth to display a permanent, wide, ruby-red grin. In addition to being a psychotic nihilist, he is extremely intelligent, with an expertise in chemistry and art.
John LockeJohn Locke (not to be confused with John Locke above) was a Regional Collections Supervisor for the Tustin Box Company. Along with others, he finds himself lost on a mysterious island after Oceanic Flight 815 crashes.
"The Hunting Party" (S2E11)
- Who are we to tell anyone what they can or cannot do?
Patches O'HoulihanPatches O'Houlihan is a dodgeball legend who volunteers to coach the Average Joe's dodgeball team.
NadaNada is a working class drifter who, through use of special sunglasses, discovers that everyone in society is a "victim of alien mind control, that aliens are altering human consciousness without the consent of their victims."
Britta PerryBritta Perry, born in October 1982 and of Swedish descent, is a politically interested and socially empathetic student at Greendale Community College. Her political persuasions lean anarchist.
- It all starts with a quick look-see into someone's bag and, before you can say "1984," the thought police are forcing you to bend and spread!
- Don't listen to me—or anyone. Just listen to yourself, and make sure you tell yourself the truth.
PozzoVladimir is a character in the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett. He owns a slave named Lucky. Vladimir and Estragon meet him as they wait by a tree for a man named Godot.
- He's stopped crying. [To Estragon.] You have replaced him as it were. [Lyrically.] The tears of the world are a constant quantity. For each one who begins to weep somewhere else another stops. The same is true of the laugh. [He laughs.] Let us not then speak ill of our generation, it is not any unhappier than its predecessors. [Pause.] Let us not speak well of it either. [Pause.] Let us not speak of it at all. [Pause. Judiciously.] It is true the population has increased.
- Page 24
- I'd very much like to sit down, but I don't quite know how to go about it.
- Page 27
SplinterSplinter is a rat who serves as mentor, father figure, and martial arts instructor to the four teenage, mutant, ninja turtles.
In this incarnation, Splinter was born an ordinary rat in Japan, where he lived as a pet of his Master Yoshi, and only grew into a talking, humanoid, ratlike creature upon coming in contact in the New York sewers with a strange, glowing ooze.
VladimirVladimir is a character in the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett. Along with his friend Estragon, he waits by a tree for a man named Godot.
- Wait for Godot.
- Page 53
- This is Vladimir's response to Estragon when Estragon asks Vladimir what the two of them are to do now
- This is becoming really insignificant.
- Page 59
- How time flies when one has fun!
- Page 66
- In an instant all will vanish and we'll be alone once more, in the midst of nothingness! [He broods.]
- Page 71
- Was I sleeping, while the others suffered? Am I sleeping now? Tomorrow, when I wake, or think I do, what shall I say of today? That with Estragon my friend, at this place, until the fall of night, I waited for Godot? That Pozzo passed, with his carrier, and that he spoke to us? Probably. But in all that what truth will there be? [Estragon, having struggled with his boot in vain, is dozing off again. Vladimir looks at him.] He'll know nothing. He'll tell me about the blows he received and I'll give him a carrot. [Pause.] Astride of a grave and a difficult birth. Down in a hole, lingeringly, the gravedigger puts on his forceps. We have time to grow old. The air is full of our cries. [He listens.] But habit is a great deadener. [He looks again at Estragon.] At me too someone is looking, of me too someone is saying, He is sleeping, he knows nothing, let him sleep on. [Pause.] I can't go on! [Pause.] What have I said?
- Page 81
Alice in Chains is an American grunge band from Seattle.Big Star was an American rock band formed in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1971 by Alex Chilton, Chris Bell, Jody Stephens, and Andy Hummel. In its first era, the band's musical style drew on the vocal harmonies of The Beatles, as well as the swaggering rhythms of The Rolling Stones and the jangling guitars of The Byrds. To the resulting power pop, Big Star added dark, existential themes, and produced a style that foreshadowed the alternative rock of the 1980s and 1990s.
- Ain't found a way to kill me yet
- Eyes burn with stinging sweat
- Seems every path leads me to nowhere
- My buddy's breathing his dying breath
Alice in Chains (1995)
- Go out and seek your truthThe Bloodhound Gang is an American rock/hip-hop band with a punk-influenced sound. They are originally from Quakertown, Pennsylvania. The group formed in 1992.
Death Cab for Cutie is an American rock band, formed in Bellingham, Washington in 1997.
Hooray for Boobies (2000)
Depeche ModeDepeche Mode are a highly influential English electronic music band, formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex. They are one of the longest-lived and most successful bands to have emerged from the New Wave and New Romantic era, but were actually part of the "futurist" scene.fun. is an American indie pop band based in New York City.
- All I ever wantedGarbage is an alternative rock band formed in Madison, Wisconsin, in 1993. The group consists of Scottish singer Shirley Manson (vocals, guitar) and American musicians Duke Erikson (bass, guitar, keyboards, percussion), Steve Marker (guitar, keyboards), and Butch Vig (drums, percussion). All four members are involved in songwriting and production.
Some Nights (2012)
"We Are Young" featuring Janelle MonáeHarvey Danger was an American indie rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1993.
- Make a whole new religion
- A falling star that you cannot live without
- And I'll feed your obsession
- There'll be nothing but this thing that you'll never doubt
- I'm only happy when it's complicated
- And though I know you can't appreciate it
- I'm only happy when it rains
- Pour your misery down
- Pour your misery down on me
- Pour your misery down
- Pour your misery down on me
- I'm only happy when it rains
- I feel good when things are going wrong
- I only listen to the sad, sad songs
- I'm only happy when it rains
- My only comfort is the night gone black
- I didn't accidentally tell you that
- I'm only happy when it rains
- I'm only happy when it rains
"As Heaven Is Wide"
- As angels can fly
"A Stroke Of Luck"
- You say that you'll be there to catch me
- Or will you only try to trap me
- These are the rules I make
- Our chains were meant to break
- You'll never change me
- Is all you ever had
- Don't believe in love
"Fix Me Now"
- And I am cool
- I will cry for you
Version 2.0 (1998)
- When I grow up
"Silence Is Golden"
Special Collection (2002)
Bleed Like Me (2005)
- Come on, baby, be my bad boyfriend
"Run Baby Run"
"Right Between the Eyes"
- A revolution
Is the solution
- I don't feel guilty no matter what they're telling me
I won't feel dirty and buy into their misery
I won't be shamed 'cause I believe that love is free
It fuels the heart
And sex is not my enemy
Not Your Kind of People (2012)
"I Hate Love"
"Battle in Me"Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson (born 25 October 1984), better known by her stage name Katy Perry, is an American singer-songwriter and musician.
- Fingertips have memories
Mine can't forget the curves of your body
- I wanna publish zines
And rage against machines
I wanna pierce my tongue
It doesn't hurt, it feels fine
The trivial sublime
I'd like to turn off time…
And kill my mind…
You kill my mind…
- Paranoia, paranoia
Everybody's coming to get me
Just say you never met meNirvana is an American grunge band formed by singer/guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic in Aberdeen, Washington in 1987.
Teenage Dream (2010)
Paul Revere & the Raiders is an American rock band that saw considerable U. S. mainstream success in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s.
- I see others just like me, why do they not try to escape?
- Yes I eat cow I am not proud.
- It's fun to lose and to pretend
- I'm worse at what I do best
- With the lights out, it's less dangerous
Here we are now, entertain us
I feel stupid and contagious
Here we are now, entertain us
As you are
- Even if you have, even if you need
I don't mean to stare, we don't have to breed
We could plant a house, we could build a tree
I don't even care, we could have all three
- Never met a wise man
If so, it's a woman
- Just because you're paranoid
Don't mean they're not after you
"On a Plain"
- It's safe to say, "Don't quote me on that"
- Somewhere I have heard this before
In a dream my memory has stored
- It is now time
To make it unclear
To write off lines
That don't make sense
Puss/Oh, the Guilt (1993 split single)
- She likes the time
She owns the time
She borrows time to self-invent
Heart-Shaped Box (1993 single)
"Serve The Servants"
- Teenage angst has paid off well
Now I'm bored and old
Self-appointed judges judge
More than they have sold
- If she floats than she is not
A witch like we had thought
- I tried hard to have a father
But instead I had a dad
- I just want you to know that I
Don't hate you anymore
There is nothing I could say
That I haven't thought before
"Frances Farmer Will Have Her Revenge On Seattle"
- I miss the comfort in being sad
- Sounds like: Why was she comforting me insane?
- She'll come back as fire
To burn all the liars
Leave a blanket of ash on the ground
- My heart is broke
But I have some glue
Help me inhale
And mend it with you
We'll float around
And hang out on clouds
Then we'll come down
And have a hangover
- I think I'm dumb
Or maybe just happy
- I take pride as the king of illiterature
- Sounds like: I take pride as the king of literature
- If you ever need anything, please don't
Hesitate to ask someone else first
I'm too busy acting like I'm not naïve
I've seen it all
I was here first
- I am my own parasite
I don't need a host to live
We feed off of each other
We can share our endorphins
- Look on the bright side is suicide
- Sounds like: Look on the bright side of suicide
- Angel left wing, right wing, broken wing
- Obituary birthday
Your scent is still here
In my place of recovery
"Radio Friendly Unit Shifter"
Steve Miller Band is an American rock band formed in 1966 in San Francisco, California. The band is managed by Steve Miller on guitar and lead vocals, and is best known today for a string of (mainly) mid-1970s hit singles that are staples of classic rock radio, as well as several earlier acid rock albums.
Midnight Ride (1966)
- I'm not your stepping stoneThe Temptations are an American vocal group known for their success with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s. Known for their choreography, distinct harmonies, and flashy wardrobe, the group was highly influential to the evolution R&B and soul music.
Fly Like an Eagle (1976)
All Directions (1972)
- Mother Nature
Go on and take your course
And a-take me with you
Hey, I wanna leave here, oh-oh
Take the chains off me, me-e-e
As long as I'm livin', livin'
Hey, I wanna be free, hey
Come on and let your sweet wine
Rush to my head
And make me feel fine
Let me stand naked in the sun
Hiding from no one
Hey, hey, hey
Come on and do your thing
I want to start feeling, yeah
All those good things you can bring
- Rupert Boneham (born 27 January 1964) is an American mentor for troubled teens, a reality television star known for his appearances on Survivor, and the 2012 Libertarian Party candidate for governor of Indiana.
- Glenn Jacobs (born 26 April 1967) is an American professional wrestler signed to WWE, better known by his ring name Kane. He is also an actor and a libertarian who cofounded the Tennessee Liberty Alliance.
- Yeshayahu Leibowitz (1903–1994) was an Israeli public intellectual; professor of biochemistry, organic chemistry, and neurophysiology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; and a polymath known for his outspoken opinions on Judaism, ethics, religion, and politics.
- The Independents (2013–present) is an American television libertarian talk show on Fox Business. It is broadcast on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. The hosts of the show are Kennedy, FreeThink Media's Kmele Foster, and Reason magazine's Matt Welch. The show features a roundtable discussion on the news of the day with a special emphasis on the protection of economic and civil liberties.
Episodes of shows
- In this episode, the State Bureau of Interference has passed a law prohibiting the possession, consumption, or trade of a soda. Thus, Sam, Cat, Dice, and Goomer decide to engage in some nonviolent civil disobedience in protest. Specifically, they employ counter-economic activity, producing a bootleg version of the banned soda and distributing it on the black market. Upon being caught, they use logic and reason to explain why the victimless "crime" law is unjust.
Play the man, Master Ridley; we shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out.
- "Man who defied tanks may be dead", Los Angeles Times, (3 June 1990).
- Robin Munro and Mickey Spiegel, Detained in China and Tibet: a directory of political and religious prisoners (Asia Watch Committee, 1994), p. 194. ISBN 978-1-56432-105-3.
- The Unknown Rebel Time profile. Retrieved January 10, 2006.
- Alexander S. Peak, "They Live: A Libertarian Analysis", alexpeak.com.