- 1 Born in BCE
- 2 Born in the 1600s
- 3 Born in the 1700s
- 4 Born in the 1800s
- 5 Born in the 1900s
- 6 Fictional
- 6.1 Ichabod Crane
- 6.2 Tyler Durden
- 6.3 John Locke
- 6.4 Britta Perry
- 6.5 Splinter
- 7 Bands and Musicians
- 7.1 Alice in Chains
- 7.2 Bloodhound Gang
- 7.3 Death Cab for Cutie
- 7.4 Depeche Mode
- 7.5 Foo Fighters
- 7.6 Garbage
- 7.7 Kings of Leon
- 7.8 Meat Puppets
- 7.9 Nirvana
- 7.10 Paul Revere & the Raiders
- 7.11 Pixies
- 7.12 Pussy Riot
- 7.13 Ramones
- 7.14 Sex Pistols
- 7.15 The Offspring
- 7.16 Tool
- 7.17 Violent Femmes
- 8 Other
- 9 References
Born in BCE
老子 Lǎozǐ (c. 6th-5th century BCE) was a Chinese monist philosopher; also called Lao Zi, Lao Tzu, Lao Tse, or Lao Tze. The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: Dào Dé Jīng, or Dao De Jing) represents the sole document generally attributed to Laozi.
Socrates left no writings of his own, thus our awareness of his teachings comes primarily from a few ancient authors who referred to him in their own works (see Socratic problem).
- The words of Socrates, as quoted or portrayed in Plato's works, which are the most extensive source available for our present knowledge about his ideas.
- Wonder is the feeling of a philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder.
- Theaetetus, 150c
- ἐγὼ δὲ οὐδὲν ἐπίσταμαι πλέον πλὴν βραχέος, ὅσον λόγον παρ᾽ ἑτέρου σοφοῦ λαβεῖν καὶ ἀποδέξασθαι μετρίως.
- I myself know nothing, except just a little, enough to extract an argument from another man who is wise and to receive it fairly.
- Theaetetus, 161b
- μοι νυνὶ γέγονεν ἐκ τοῦ διαλόγου μηδὲν εἰδέναι· ὁπότε γὰρ τὸ δίκαιον μὴ οἶδα ὅ ἐστιν, σχολῇ εἴσομαι εἴτε ἀρετή τις οὖσα τυγχάνει εἴτε καὶ οὔ, καὶ πότερον ὁ ἔχων αὐτὸ οὐκ εὐδαίμων ἐστὶν ἢ εὐδαίμων.
- As for me, all I know is that I know nothing, for when I don't know what justice is, I'll hardly know whether it is a kind of virtue or not, or whether a person who has it is happy or unhappy.
- Republic, 354b-c (conclusion of book I)
- Confer Apology 21d (see below), Theaetetus 161b (see above) and Meno 80d1-3: "So now I do not know what virtue is; perhaps you knew before you contacted me, but now you are certainly like one who does not know."
- Confer Cicero, Academica, Book I, section 1: "ipse se nihil scire id unum sciat ("He himself thinks he knows one thing, that he knows nothing"). Often quoted as "scio me nihil scire" or "scio me nescire." A variant is found in von Kues, De visione Dei, XIII, 146 (Werke, Walter de Gruyter, 1967, p. 312): "...et hoc scio solum, quia scio me nescire... [I know alone, that (or because) I know, that I do not know]." In the modern era, the Latin quote was back-translated to Greek as "ἓν οἶδα ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα", hèn oîda hóti oudèn oîda). (See also "I know that I know nothing.")
- Plato's account of the trial of Socrates.
- πρὸς ἐμαυτὸν δ᾽ οὖν ἀπιὼν ἐλογιζόμην ὅτι τούτου μὲν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐγὼ σοφώτερός εἰμι· κινδυνεύει μὲν γὰρ ἡμῶν οὐδέτερος οὐδὲν καλὸν κἀγαθὸν εἰδέναι, ἀλλ᾽ οὗτος μὲν οἴεταί τι εἰδέναι οὐκ εἰδώς, ἐγὼ δέ, ὥσπερ οὖν οὐκ οἶδα, οὐδὲ οἴομαι· ἔοικα γοῦν τούτου γε σμικρῷ τινι αὐτῷ τούτῳ σοφώτερος εἶναι, ὅτι ἃ μὴ οἶδα οὐδὲ οἴομαι εἰδέναι.
- When I left him, I reasoned thus with myself: I am wiser than this man, for neither of us appears to know anything great and good; but he fancies he knows something, although he knows nothing; whereas I, as I do not know anything, so I do not fancy I do. In this trifling particular, then, I appear to be wiser than he, because I do not fancy I know what I do not know.
- For if you kill me, you will not easily find another such person at all, even if to say in a ludicrous way, attached on the city by the god, like on a large and well-bred horse, by its size and laziness both needing arousing by some gadfly; in this way the god seems to have fastened me on the city, some such one who arousing and persuading and reproaching each one of you I do not stop the whole day settling down all over. Thus such another will not easily come to you, men, but if you believe me, you will spare me; but perhaps you might possibly be offended, like the sleeping who are awakened, striking me, believing Anytus, you might easily kill, then the rest of your lives you might continue sleeping, unless the god caring for you should send you another.
- If I had engaged in politics, I should have perished long ago and done no good to either you or to myself. ...for the truth is that no man who goes to war with you or any other multitude, honestly struggling against the commission of unrighteouosness and wrong in the State, will save his life; he who will really fight for right, if he would live even for a little while, must have a private station and not a public one.
- I have had no regular disciples: but if anyone likes to come and hear me while I am pursuing my mission, whether he be young or old, he may freely come. …whether he turns out to be a bad man or a good one, that cannot be justly laid to my charge, as I never taught him anything.
- Someone will say: Yes, Socrates, but cannot you hold your tongue, and then you may go into a foreign city, and no one will interfere with you? Now I have great difficulty in making you understand my answer to this. For if I tell you that this would be a disobedience to a divine command, and therefore that I cannot hold my tongue, you will not believe that I am serious; and if I say that the greatest good of a man is daily to converse about virtue, and all that concerning which you hear me examining myself and others, and that the life which is unexamined is not worth living—that you are still less likely to believe.
- ὁ δὲ ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ (ho de anexetastos bios ou biôtos anthrôpôi)
- The unexamined life is not worth living for a human being.
- Variant translations:
(More closely) The unexamining life is not worth living for a human being
The life which is unexamined is not worth living
An unexamined life is not worth living
The unexamined life is not the life for man
Life without enquiry is not worth living for a man
- I would rather die having spoken in my manner, than speak in your manner and live. … The difficulty, my friends, is not in avoiding death, but in avoiding unrighteousness; for that runs deeper than death.
- For if you think that by killing men you can avoid the accuser censoring your lives, you are mistaken; that is not a way of escape which is either possible or honorable; the easiest and the noblest way is not to be crushing others, but to be improving yourselves.
- The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our ways — I to die and you to live. Which is the better, only God knows.
- Plato's account of Socrates' death.
Note: Generally, the early works of Plato are considered to be close to the spirit of Socrates, whereas the later works, including Phaedo, may possibly be products of Plato's elaborations.
- In the course of my life I have often had intimations in dreams "that I should make music." The same dream came to me sometimes in one form, and sometimes in another, but always saying the same or nearly the same words: Make and cultivate music, said the dream. And hitherto I imagined that this was only intended to exhort and encourage me in the study of philosophy, which has always been the pursuit of my life, and is the noblest and best of music.
- And now that the hour of departure is appointed to me, this is the hope with which I depart, and not I only, but every man that believes that he has his mind purified.
- Compare this to George Orwell’s 1984.
- In the book, O’Brien says of Jones, Aaronson, and Rutherford, “By the time we had finished with them they were only the shells of men. There was nothing left in them except sorrow for what they had done, and love of Big Brother. It was touching to see how they loved him. They begged to be shot quickly, so that they could die while their minds were still clean.”
- In the 1984 film Nineteen Eighty-Four based on Orwell’s 1984, Winston Smith is seen at the end of the film by the citizens of Oceania confessing, saying, “I’m glad I was caught. I was mentally deranged. Now I am cured. I ask only for you to accept my love of our leader. I ask only to be shot while my mind is still clean.”
- …as there are misanthropists, or haters of men, there are also misologists or haters of ideas, and both spring from the same cause, which is ignorance of the world. Misanthropy arises from too great confidence of inexperience; you trust a man and think him altogether true and good and faithful, and then in a little while he turns out to be false and knavish; and then another and another, and when this has happened several times to a man, especially within the circle of his most trusted friends, as he deems them, and he has often quarreled with them, he at last hates all men, and believes that no one has any good in him at all. …The reason is that a man, having to deal with other men, has no knowledge of them; for if he had knowledge he would have known the true state of the case, that few are the good and few the evil, and that the great majority are in the interval between them.
- …nothing is more uncommon than a very large or a very small man; and this applies generally to all extremes, whether of great and small, or swift and slow, or fair and foul, or black and white; and whether the instances you select be man or dogs or anything else, few are the extremes, but many are in the mean between them.
- Let us…be careful of admitting into our souls the notion that there is no truth or health or soundness in any arguments at all; but let us rather say that there is as yet no health in us, and that we must quit ourselves like men and do our best to gain health…
- * It may be said, indeed, that without bones and muscles and the other parts of the body I cannot execute my purposes. But to say that I do as I do because of them, and that this is the way in which the mind acts, and not from the choice of the best, is a very careless and idle mode of speaking. I wonder that they cannot distinguish the cause from the condition, which the many, feeling about in the dark, are always mistaking and misnaming.
- Ὦ Κρίτων […] τῷ Ἀσκληπιῷ ὀφείλομεν ἀλεκτρυόνα. ἀλλὰ ἀπόδοτε καὶ μὴ ἀμελήσητε.
- Crito, Crito, we owe a cock to Aesculapius. Pay it and do not neglect it.
- Phaedo 118a
- Socrates as quoted by Plutarch
- I am not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world.
- Note: Compare doctrine of fidelity to Athenian law in Plato's Crito.
As quoted by Diogenes Laertius
- Socrates as quoted in Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers
- I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
- Socrates having heard Plato read the Lysis, said, "O Hercules! what a number of lies the young man has told about me." For he had set down a great many things as sayings of Socrates which he never said.
Quotes about Socrates
- Alphabetized by author
- It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, are of a different opinion, it is because they only know their own side of the question. The other party to the comparison knows both sides.
- John Stuart Mill, in Utilitarianism, Ch. 2
- Political leaders are never leaders. For leaders we have to look to the Awakeners! Lao Tse, Buddha, Socrates, Jesus, Milarepa, Gurdjiev, Krishnamurti.
- Henry Miller, in My Bike & Other Friends (1977), p. 12
- …as a philosopher he needs a long residence in a scientific purgatory.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC), also known by the anglicized name Tully, in and after the Middle Ages, was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome.
- It's important to remember that Thomas Huxley recognized Socrates as the first agnostic. Socrates very much believed in a God, although his deity was somewhat vague and outside of his people's polytheistic religion. Philosophically Socrates was the very essence of agnosticism.
- James Kirk Wall, in Agnosticism : The Battle Against Shameless Ignorance (2011), p. 10
Born in the 1600s
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an influential English philosopher and social contract theorist. He developed an alternative to the Hobbesian state of nature and asserted a government could be good only if it received the consent of the governed and protected the natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. If such a consent was not achieved, Locke argued in favour of a right of rebellion.
- L'homme est libre au moment qu'il veut l'être.
- Man is free at the instant he wants to be.
- Source Brutus, act II, scene I (1730).
- Il vaut mieux hasarder de sauver un coupable que de condamner un innocent.
- It is better to risk sparing a guilty person than to condemn an innocent one.
- Zadig (1747).
- C'est une des superstitions de l'esprit humain d'avoir imaginé que la virginité pouvait être une vertu.
- It is one of the superstitions of the human mind to have imagined that virginity could be a virtue.
- Notebooks (c.1735-c.1750)
- Note: This quotation is from the so-called Leningrad Notebook, also known as Le Sottisier; it is one of several posthumously published notebooks of Voltaire.
- Il est dangereux d’avoir raison dans des choses où des hommes accrédités ont tort.
- It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong.
- "Catalogue pour la plupart des écrivains français qui ont paru dans Le Siècle de Louis XIV, pour servir à l'histoire littéraire de ce temps," Le Siècle de Louis XIV (1752)
- Note: The most frequently attributed variant of this quote is: It is dangerous to be right when the government is wrong.
- Le doute n'est pas un état bien agréable, mais l'assurance est un état ridicule.
- Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is an absurd one.
- Letter to Frederick William, Prince of Prussia (28 November 1770). English: in S.G. Tallentyre (ed.), Voltaire in His Letters. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1919. p.232. French: Au prince royal de prusse, le 28 novembre, in M. Palissot (ed.), Oeuvres de Voltaire: Lettres Choisies du Roi de Prusse et de M. de Voltaire, Tome II. Paris : Chez Baudoiun, 1802. p. 419.
- Un bon mot ne prouve rien.
- A witty saying proves nothing.
- Le dîner du comte de Boulainvilliers (1767): Deuxième Entretien
- Laissez lire, et laissez danser; ces deux amusements ne feront jamais de mal au monde.
- Let us read, and let us dance; these two amusements will never do any harm to the world.
- "Liberty of the Press," Dictionnaire philosophique (1785-1789).
- Note: The Dictionnaire philosophique was a posthumously published collection of articles combining the Dictionnaire philosophique portatif (published under various editions and titles from 1764 to 1777), the Questions sur l'Encyclopédie (published from 1770 to 1774), articles written for the Encyclopédie and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, the manuscript known as l'Opinion sur l'alphabet and a number of previously published miscellaneous articles.
- La superstition met le monde entier en flammes; la philosophie les éteint.
- Superstition sets the whole world in flames; philosophy quenches them.
- Dictionnaire philosophique (1822), "Superstition".
- On dit quelquefois: "Le sens commun est fort rare."
- People sometimes say: "Common sense is quite rare."
- "Common Sense" (1765)
- Note: The better known variant of this quote is "Common sense is not so common," found in the Philosophical Dictionary entry "Common sense" [sens commun].
- La foi consiste à croire ce que la raison ne croit pas.
- Faith consists in believing what reason cannot.
- "The Flood" (1764)
- Voulez-vous avoir de bonnes lois; brûlez les vôtres, et faites-en de nouvelles.
- If you want good laws, burn those you have and make new ones.
- "Laws" (1765).
- Qu’est-ce que la tolérance? c’est l’apanage de l’humanité. Nous sommes tous pétris de faiblesses et d’erreurs; pardonnons-nous réciproquement nos sottises, c’est la première loi de la nature.
- What is tolerance? It is the consequence of humanity. We are all formed of frailty and error; let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly — that is the first law of nature.
- "Tolerance" (1764).
Questions sur l'Encyclopédie (1770–1774)
- La vertu suppose la liberté, comme le transport d’un fardeau suppose la force active. Dans la contrainte point de vertu, et sans vertu point de religion. Rends-moi esclave, je n’en serai pas meilleur. Le souverain même n’a aucun droit d’employer la contrainte pour amener les hommes à la religion, qui suppose essentiellement choix et liberté. Ma pensée n’est pas plus soumise à l’autorité que la maladie ou la santé.
- Virtue supposes liberty, as the carrying of a burden supposes active force. Under coercion there is no virtue, and without virtue there is no religion. Make a slave of me, and I shall be no better for it. Even the sovereign has no right to use coercion to lead men to religion, which by its nature supposes choice and liberty. My thought is no more subject to authority than is sickness or health.
- "Canon Law: Ecclesiastical Ministry" (1771).
- En général, l’art du gouvernement consiste à prendre le plus d’argent qu’on peut à une grande partie des citoyens, pour le donner à une autre partie.
- In general, the art of government consists in taking as much money as possible from one party of the citizens to give to the other.
- "Money" (1770).
- Il est défendu de tuer; tout meurtrier est puni, à moins qu’il n’ait tué en grande compagnie, et au son des trompettes.
- It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets.
- "Rights" (1771).
Quotes about Voltaire
- Not a day goes by without our using the word optimism, coined by Voltaire against Leibniz, who had demonstrated (in spite of the Ecclesiastes and with the approval of the Church) that we live in the best of possible worlds. Voltaire, very reasonably, denied that exorbitant opinion... Leibniz could have replied that a world which has given us Voltaire has some right to be considered the best.
- Jorge Luis Borges, Obra completa, Vol. IV, p. 523.
Born in the 1700s
Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 – 4 July 1826) was author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (1777), founder of the University of Virginia (1819), the third president of the United States (1801–1809), a political philosopher, editor of Jefferson's Bible (1819), and one of the most influential founders of the United States.
Born in the 1800s
Lysander Spooner (January 19, 1808 – May 14, 1887) was an American individualist anarchist, entrepreneur, political philosopher, abolitionist, supporter of the labor movement, and legal theorist of the nineteenth century.
- A man's natural rights are his own, against the whole world; and any infringement of them is equally a crime, whether committed by one man, or by millions; whether committed by one man, calling himself a robber, (or by any other name indicating his true character,) or by millions, calling themselves a government.
- The principle that the majority have a right to rule the minority, practically resolves all government into a mere contest between two bodies of men, as to which of them shall be masters, and which of them slaves; a contest, that—however bloody—can, in the nature of things, never be finally closed, so long as man refuses to be a slave.
- Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.
- The more it changes, the more it’s the same thing.
- The more it changes, the more it stays the same.
- The more things change, the more they stay the same.
- The more that things change, the more they stay the same.
- It changes superficially; but, underneath, its essence is always the same.
Albert Jay Nock (13 October 1873 – 19 August 1945) was an influential American author, educational theorist, capitalist anarchist, social critic of the early and middle 20th century, and a philosophical founder of the modern libertarian movement later embraced by Karl Hess.
Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (29 September 1881 – 10 October 1973) was an Austrian economist, philosopher, author and classical liberal who had a significant influence on the modern libertarian movement and the Austrian School.Isabel Paterson (22 January 1886 – 1961) was a best-selling writer, influential literary critic, and libertarian philosopher.
Born in the 1900s
Ayn Rand (2 February 1905 – 6 March 1982) was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her best-selling novels, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and for developing a philosophical system called Objectivism.
The Tank Man, or the Unknown Protester, is the nickname of an anonymous male dissident who engaged in nonviolent civil disobedience by standing in front of a column of tanks on June 5, 1989, the morning after the Communist Chinese military had suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 by force. The man achieved widespread international recognition due to the videotape and photographs taken of the incident despite censorship of the event by the Chinese government. Although some have identified the man as Wang Weilin (王維林),, the real name has not been confirmed and little is known about him or of his fate after the confrontation that day. It is not even known whether this brave individual is alive. In April 1998, Time included the "Unknown Rebel" in a feature titled Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century.
- Images on Wikimedia Commons
- [F]ree will requires determinism, and is incompatible with indeterminism.
- Can't we just give peace, love, anarchy, natural law, and a free market a chance?
- Circa 2013
- The incongruity of bigotry with libertarianism is self-evident to anyone truly dedicated to a libertarian social order.
The libertarian and the so-called progressive agree that bigotry is socially harmful and undesirable, their only difference of opinion on the matter being how to resolve the problem. While the so-called progressive advocates regulation and centralised, domineering control in order to combat the ills of bigotry, the libertarian recognises that those tools can be just as easily harnessed to promote, enact, enforce, or reinforce bigotry. Thus the libertarian, by contrast, recognises that only free competition and free cooperation can be effectively wielded against the evils of bigotry. Or, to make it a bit more pithy, the so-called progressive gravitates toward the baton and the gun in fighting bigotry, while the libertarian gravitates to the handshake, realising that only the handshake can dismantle the paradigm of domination and exploitation and, in its stead, promote true mutual accord.
- 7 February 2014
Lauren Caitlin Upton (27 March 1989 – ), also credited as Caitlin Upton, is an American fashion model and a beauty queen from Lexington, South Carolina. On 24 August 2007, while Miss South Carolina Teen USA, Upton became an Internet meme for her rambling and unstructured response to a pageant question.
- Aimee Teegarden: Recent polls have shown a fifth of Americans can't locate the U. S. on a world map. Why do you think this is?
Caitlin Upton: I personally believe that U. S. Americans are unable to do so because, uh, some people out there in our nation don't have maps and, uh, I believe that our education, like such as in South Africa and, uh, the Iraq, everywhere like such as, and I believe that they should—our education over here in the U. S. should help the U. S., uh, or, should help South Africa and should help the Iraq and the Asian countries, so we will be able to build up our future, for our children.
Ichabod CraneIchabod Crane is a the protagonist in Washington Irving's short story, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", first published in 1820.
In this incarnation, Ichabod Crane is an English professor who fought and died in the American Revolutionary War on the side of the revolutionary American secessionists. After dying in combat, his witch wife performs a spell that affords him the opportunity to return to life, which he does in the early twenty-first century.
"Blood Moon" (S1E2)
Tyler DurdenTyler Durden is a nihilist and a figment of the imagination of the narrator of the 1996 Chuck Palahniuk novel Fight Club. In the end, the narrator comes to realise that Tyler Durden is really nothing more than a manifestation of himself.
- Narrator: One minute was enough, Tyler said, a person had to work hard for it, but a minute of perfection was worth the effort. A moment was the most you could ever expect from perfection.
John LockeJohn Locke (not to be confused with John Locke above) is a Regional Collections Supervisor for the Tustin Box Company. Along with others, he finds himself lost on a mysterious island after Oceanic Flight 815 crashes.
"The Hunting Party" (S2E11)
- Who are we to tell anyone what they can or cannot do?
Britta PerryBritta Perry, born in October 1982 and of Swedish descent, is a politically interested and socially empathetic student at Greendale Community College. Her political persuasions lean anarchist.
- It all starts with a quick look-see into someone's bag and, before you can say "1984," the thought police are forcing you to bend and spread!
- Don't listen to me—or anyone. Just listen to yourself, and make sure you tell yourself the truth.
SplinterSplinter is a rat who serves as mentor, father figure, and martial arts instructor to the four teenage, mutant, ninja turtles.
In this incarnation, Splinter was born an ordinary rat in Japan, where he lived as a pet of his Master Yoshi, and only grew into a talking, humanoid, ratlike creature upon coming in contact in the New York sewers with a strange, glowing ooze.
- Possess the right thinking. Only then can one receive the gifts of strength, knowledge, and peace.
- Anger clouds the mind.
Alice in Chains is an American grunge band from Seattle.The Bloodhound Gang is an American rock/hip-hop band with a punk-influenced sound. They are originally from Quakertown, Pennsylvania. The group formed in 1992.
- Ain't found a way to kill me yet
- Eyes burn with stinging sweat
- Seems every path leads me to nowhere
- My buddy's breathing his dying breath
Alice in Chains (1995)
- Go out and seek your truth
Hooray for Boobies (2000)
Depeche ModeDepeche Mode are a highly influential English electronic music band, formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex. They are one of the longest-lived and most successful bands to have emerged from the New Wave and New Romantic era, but were actually part of the "futurist" scene.Paul Revere & the Raiders is an American rock band that saw considerable U. S. mainstream success in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s.
- All I ever wanted
Midnight Ride (1966)
- I'm not your stepping stone
- Rupert Boneham (born 27 January 1964) is an American mentor for troubled teens, a reality television star known for his appearances on Survivor, and the 2012 Libertarian Party candidate for governor of Indiana.
- Glenn Jacobs (born 26 April 1967) is an American professional wrestler signed to WWE, better known by his ring name Kane. He is also an actor and a libertarian who cofounded the Tennessee Liberty Alliance.
- free markets
- natural law
- natural rights
- state capitalism
- state communism
- state socialism
- "Man who defied tanks may be dead", Los Angeles Times, (3 June 1990).
- Robin Munro and Mickey Spiegel, Detained in China and Tibet: a directory of political and religious prisoners (Asia Watch Committee, 1994), p. 194. ISBN 978-1-56432-105-3.
- The Unknown Rebel Time profile. Retrieved January 10, 2006.